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Michigan Flat Roof Maintenance

We Michiganders love nothing more than to complain about the weather. It’s almost compulsory. As soon as you shake someone’s hand and ask how they are, you start talking about the weather – almost always in a negative way. But those of us who own commercial buildings in Detroit, Michigan really do have cause to complain. For us, bad weather isn’t just an inconvenience that makes the roads slippery and the drivers stupid. While potholes in the roads are a concern for everyone, we commercial building owners have to worry about damage to our flat roofs in addition to everything.

The best way to go about maintaining your flat roof in Detroit, Michigan is by doing the opposite that the government does with the roads. Do not wait for the damage to be done before you repair it. Get in contact with a good, well-qualified and highly rated flat roofing contractor in Detroit, Michigan (because it’s always better to keep it local). Make sure that their roofing tear-off tools are of good quality so that they won’t cause more damage than they repair, and call them regularly. At least once a year you should have your Detroit, Michigan flat roofing contractor come out to do routine repairs on the wear and tear of your weather-stricken Detroit, Michigan flat roof. Any homeowner will tell you that roof repairs are devastatingly costly. You don’t want to have to worry about fully replacing your roof, so keeping a regular maintenance schedule should help you to avoid that as much as possible.

Also, you are the owner of the building. The roof is your responsibility! Don’t give your tenants a chance to complain. Do regular inspections yourself. Go up on your roof and take a look around after the weather has been bad. It is a minor thing to do to ensure that no one will have water dripping on their heads and you won’t lose any money, paying for damages done to your tenants as well as those done to your roof.

Michigan weather is a blessing and a curse. Though we are fortunate not to have to suffer extreme heat or cold all year round and we have a nice variety in the weather we get, it does make maintenance difficult. Don’t let Michigan weather get the best of you. Simply by taking a few steps yourself and by having someone do regular repairs you can save yourself a lot of trouble.

Comparing Asphalt and Metal Roofing

Most homeowners who have some experience with asphalt shingles are beginning to see the wisdom of upgrading to metal roofing when a roof replacement becomes inevitable. If you are one of those people who doesn’t know why this has become the popular route to go, there are a few comparisons you may want to consider:

Weight: Most people believe that metal roofing is the heavier option but nothing is further from the truth; metal roofs are much lighter than asphalt shingles. On the average, a metal roof will weigh about 1.4 pounds for every square foot while asphalt will weigh between 2 to 5 pounds for a square foot. The advantage of this light weight when it comes to metal roofing materials is that you can easily install it over any existing roof whether it is asphalt or wooden shingles without any compromise to the roof structure.

Lifespan: Metal roofing materials are truly long lasting and they are known to outlive asphalt shingles. In fact, according to the experts at All Professional roofing, “metal roofing has a life expectancy of 50 years or more whereas asphalt roofing lasts 20 to 25 years.” Just because most roofing contractors prefer to install asphalt shingles is not necessarily proof that they are more reliable or permanent; the reason may be because they are easy to install and you don’t need any specialized training to do so. The motivation for the installation of asphalt shingle roofs is that they know at one point soon they will need to replace it even before the expiry of the warranty. The integrity of metal roofing sheets cannot be compromised by the sun or heat like asphalt and they will perform for many decades longer.

Warranty: Moat people get surprised when they learn that the lifespan of asphalt composition doesn’t correspond with the warranty period given for shingles. The warranty you receive from the seller cannot be an assurance that it is going to last that long. In most parts of the country where shingles are given a 40 year warranty, you will be very lucky if they go very far beyond the 15 year mark; actually, most manufacturers give shingles a 19 year warranty. This cannot be compared with the 100 year warranty period for any metal roofing materials.

Aesthetics: Asphalt shingle roofs have consistently been used as the roofing material of choice for more than 100 years now across the entire North American region. This is perhaps because they were deemed the most affordable roofing material. However, they are also so predictable in terms of appearance.  Anyone who has set their eyes on metal roofing materials will tell you how there is variety in terms of style, shapes, and colors. When the topic of metal roofing is mentioned most people can only relate to ribbed roofing. Metal roofing actually offers more in terms of appearance than all other roofing materials you have seen on the market.

What is that Black Stuff on My Roof?

What is that black stuff on my roof? Is this a question you commonly ask yourself or find yourself asking others? Tim McLoughlin, president of KTM Roofing, a leading Atlanta roofing company, can provide you the answer. As founder of KTM Roofing in 1984, Tim McLoughlin has been roofing Atlanta for more than 25 years and is a roofing expert—from roof cleaning to roof maintenance. In this article, Tim will share his knowledge about a common problem that affects many roofs in the metro Atlanta area – the black stuff on your roof.

Whether your roof is young or old, when you see black stuff on it, chances are you are looking at Gloeocapsa Magma, an algae that feeds on the crushed limestone used in the asphalt shingles of your roof. Gloeocapsa Magma is carried onto your roof by the wind where it then starts to grow and take hold. Rain spreads the algae down the roof causing the all too familiar black streaks. Like any plant, the
rainwater aids in the algae’s growth.

Aside from the obvious effect black streaking can have on the beauty of a roof, algae can prevent your roof from performing one of its most important jobs—reflecting the radiant heat from the sun off the roof. When the roof is covered by algae, the heat is not reflected off the roof and is trapped into the attic. Given the heat of Atlanta summers, this can have a huge effect on cooling costs.

Why Should You Have Your Roof Cleaned?

If handled early on, professional roof cleaning can be the solution to the black stuff on your roof. However, if left too long, algae will cause your roof to rapidly deteriorate and fail long before it should.

The November 2009 issue of Roofing Contractor magazine included an insightful article about maintaining a roof in a proactive versus reactive way. The piece, Why Roof Maintenance Pays discusses how a reactive roof owner, an owner who waits to deal with their roof after problems have manifested their way into the house, can spend nearly double on their roof and shorten their roof’s life by almost half.

“According to data gathered in a 15-year alliance between Firestone Building Products and ProLogis, with a proactive maintenance schedule in place, the average life-cycle cost is 14 cents per square foot. The average reactive maintenance life-cycle costs are 25 cents per square foot. A roofing system with proactive maintenance can have an average roof life of 21 years compared to 13 years with a reactive maintenance program, depending on the roofing system and building type.”

Cleaning Cannot Fix a Broken Roof: How to Determine if You Need a New Roof

In many cases, the black stuff may be more than algae. If your roof is more than 10 years old, a certified, professional Atlanta roofer, should be called upon to inspect your roof.

Facts about the Simple Gambrel Roof Design

The Gambrel roof design is one of the best roof styles that you can choose to use on almost any type of building.

The gambrel is distinctive for its double slopes on each side of the roof.   In all Gambrel Roof design, the upper slopes on each side are relatively shallow, while the lower slopes are very steep.   Such a design, gives the Gambrel roof the ability to provide tons of space for extra storage or even living areas.

On to the Gambrel Roof Design

The pitches and angles of the slopes of a gambrel roof can vary considerably allowing the building to be tall or short in appearance.

If you are handy, you can easily build a small gambrel roof yourself with ease.  This is convenient as one does not have to call in professionals to do the work for them. You, however, have to be ready to deal with a lot of dovetail joints, ridge and purlin beams. The first thing you have to do is come up with the frames for the Gambrel roof design. Make sure you get the measurements right so that you don’t waste time coming up with something that will not fit.

Planning your Gambrel Roof Design

Before you start on the Gambrel roof design, you need to spend a lot of time on the planning process to make work easier when it comes to the actual construction. This involves a lot of scale drawing to come up with a plan that will make efficient use of the materials you have and one that will look good on the building. Never go ahead with something that you are not too sure about as it could lead to regrets later on. Instead, seek help with professionals who are conversant with the Gambrel roof design to be on the safe side.

Layouts of the Gambrel Roof

When you have the correct Gambrel roof design, it is time for the cut- outs and layouts.  This is where you have to make a full size gambrel layout. This is best done on level ground as it makes works much easier. You can use stakes to mark the locations of the rafters. Lay out the beams in their correct positions marking the angles and lengths that will be used for cutting. This gives you the rafters that will be used for the Gambrel roof design.

Finally, saw the rafters together to come up with the trusses that will be used for the Gambrel roof design. These are normally bound together using metal straps, doglegs and triangles to make the gambrel frame sturdy. The next step involves raising the rafters which is considered as one of the toughest phases as a lot of attention and care has to be observed to ensure it is set up right. It is not possible to do this alone and one can get help from a friend or relative. Once it has been set up in the correct way, you can sit back and enjoy the work done on the Gambrel roof design.

The Main Roofing Tools

 One of the most essential parts of any house is the roof. It keeps our priceless possession and us from the harshest of the natural elements such as rain, snow, and dust.

It is highly important to have good, high quality roofing because your expensive carpet, stylish and comfortable furniture, well-built foundation, hard-wearing and solid walls and even that delicate shade of paint that is hard to get right will be a nightmare if you have a permeable and defective roof.

A sturdy roof over our head will gives us security, shield, and comfort. The most essential tools needed when working on the roof is a first aid kit. Be ready for all injuries that might happen while working on the roof because this work is a backbreaking, exhausting and the incidence of minor injuries is extremely high.

The first aid kit should include all kinds of bandages, antiseptic cleansing wipes, burn cream pack, scissors, and a first aid guidebook. Wearing a safety helmet while working on the roof may avoid or minimize a head injury because a single head injury can handicap a person for life or it can be fatal. This is the reason why while working on the roof safety helmets is also one of the most important tools in roofing.

Safety glasses and goggles is one of the essential tools in roofing because it protects our eyes from infectious particles that might enter our eyes while working. Always keep in mind that in any line of work, safety should be the first thing on your list, you should be equipped with all the necessary protective clothing and footwear for full on the job protection and injury prevention.

Shingling or roofing your house is a foremost responsibility of a homeowner and extreme carefulness is required with a little knowledge and the right tools, you can roof your home.

To be able to roof a house correctly and securely the following tools are needed – a sturdy ladder. You should take proper precautions while using a ladder because a ladder is one of the major causes of injuries and fatalities among the construction workers. To prevent untoward incidents, you should select the correct ladder for the specific work it will be used for and read and follow the instructions that go with the ladder. Set up the ladder properly and use good judgment while working on the ladder.

You may also need roof jacks in shingling a roof. The roof jack is a metal or wood bracket that is applied to support toe boards on a steep slope roofs. And it is specifically designed for lifting the hinged roof; this tool will make the installation of roof easier.

Using the right hammer for the roofing job will save you some time and effort. Roofing hammer is the hammer for a job specific tool. The face of this hammer is always pounded, often square and the peen will be either standard sharp hatchet for edging cedar shingles or it might be equipped with tiny razor blade for cutting asphalt shingles.

You may also need a utility knife for cutting roofing materials and a specific roofer’s utility knife has a knob that you turn to open the tool that will reduce the use of screwdriver to open and close the tool. Its blade is held in a place by a magnet that is hooked for cutting shingles.

For alignment purposes while roofing, you will need a chalk line. This is the line made on the roof by snapping an extended string or cord that is dusted with chalk. It will give the roofer a guideline when removing the excess shingle overhang.

Attaching roof to your house will be a lot quicker and simpler if you use a roofing nail gun. It fires nail to the wood or any other material that is specifically designed to take -it takes a fraction of second to hammer one nail. It carries off the hard work and the time normally involved in hammering large mounts of nails but you should be extremely careful in using this tool because though it is very useful, it is also dangerous if not handled it properly.

With a little knowledge, basic tools, and more precautionary measures, you will have a sturdy roof that will give you security and comfort for a long period of time.

Let Us Learn about the Kinds of Flat Roof

Roof is the most important part of any building – no matter, commercial or residential. A building without a roof is just incomplete because this upper-most topping completes a structure. There are different kinds of roofing with respect to their construction materials and designs but here you can learn about the flat roofing and its various types.

Flat Roofs

As the name indicates, these kinds of roofs are flat and with a slop from 1 degree to 5 degrees. This is the most commonly used type of roofing, especially in Pakistan. In this part of the world, such kinds of roofs are constructed with various construction materials – for instance with reinforcing bars, cement, concrete and the other famous types which are mostly used in the low-budget houses. Houses with the flat roofs can use the upper most floor for various purposes. When it comes to selecting the type of roof and roofing material, you should consult a modern architect in Pakistan, as he/she can give you the best suggestions after analyzing your budget and overall constructional needs.

Build-Up Roofs – BUR

The type is commonly referred as ‘tar and gravel’ roofs and it is built from three or more alternative layers of hot tar and ballasted smooth river stone. This is the most common type of flat roofs. The ones which are made with tar paper are constructed by the more-advanced materials such as fiber-glass.  Gravel is the best fire-resistant material.

Modified Bitumen (MB)

MB is the roof made of Asphalt, which is chemically modified to give it a rubber like or plastic appearance. The chemicals used to modify the asphalt are – APP (Atactic Polypropylene and SBS (Styrene Butadiene Styrene). When MB roofing materials are rolled, these can create different surfaces such as – granules, aluminum, copper, aggregate etc. If the roof system is heated or a hot mop is applied on it, it can be converted into one-ply two-ply or three-ply systems. These are a type-of old-style roofing system.

Single-Ply Membranes

The membranes are manufactured in a factory and are commonly known as thermoset (EDPM) or thermoplastic (TPO) or PVC. The constructors and architects can repeatedly soften them by heating and cooling. However, each time the material is heated, takes an irreversible form. Single-ply membranes are prepared by following one of the three manufacturing processes which include – calendaring, extruding or spread coating. These can be mechanically attached with fasteners, ballasted with stone or glued. The material is highly resistance to scuffs and tears.

CPA/ PVC Roofing System

This single-ply membrane roofing material has a long history due to its highly durable nature. Other than providing durability to your roof, the material also plays a significant role in reflecting the sunlight; thus it works as an insulator against the heat. In Pakistan, where summer season is very hot, choosing this kind of roofing can be the best decision.

This is just a brief description about the types of flat roofs – you can explore various other types with respect to their shapes as well as material of construction. While signing a contact with a construction company in Pakistan, you can discuss the petty details about the type of roofs, floors and various other construction materials. Look for the pros and cons of each type and draw a comparison because it will let you make a better decision.

Other than the flat roofs, you can also discover other types of roofs like pitched roofs and shell roofs. Each of the roofing has further types; therefore better read out the details from internet or ask from the professionals because he/she can also tell whether or not using a particular type of roofing is useful for your house.




There are various factors that determine which kind of roof to use for your house.


In hot desert-like climates where rainfall is low, flat roofs are very common. Areas such as North-Africa have alot of these roofs. A flat roof is not eactly’flat’.

It usually slopes at an angle of 5 to 10 degrees. This angle can not be noticed easily and helps to drain water during cleaning or after rainy weather. In traditional African societies, communities living in Arid areas of Kenya such as Maasai, Samburu had their shelters made of flat roofs.

This is because rain is not common in thses areas. In rainy climates, the roof becomes steep. In snowy regions such as Northern Europe, the roof is very steep[over 45 degrees] so as to drain away snow. In traditional African societies which live in rainy regions such as Kisii,Mount Kenya and Coast, the thatch roof is very steep[over 60 degrees] so as to increase the surface runnoff of rain water.


Roofing materials vary depending on the budget. In Kenya, thatch roof is the cheapest at KES 180 per square meter. It is followed by Iron sheets. The thinnest grade in the market at the moment is Gauge 32 which costs about KES 210 per square meter.

Gauge 30 costs about KES 240 per square meter and Gauge 28 pre-painted costs approximately kes 500 per square meter. Concrete roofng tiles cost around KES 400 per square meter.

Clay roofing tiles cost around KES 630 per square meter at Mombasa.

These have the advantage of being light-weight and since they are made of natural clay with no added paint, their rain-watter runnoff can be consumed without any health issues as compared to the others wheich have paint .

Paint contains Lead which is harmful to the human body. Stone coated steel roofing tiles such as Harvey, Decra are in the range of the most expensive and cost approximately KES 1500 per square meter.

These are usually gauge 26 in thickness and hence give a lifetime guarantee. Their light weight also gives savings to the timber supporting trusses which will be less than when supporting heavier concrete tiles.


Curved and cylindrical roofs require special types of materials such as copper and bituminous felts. These felts can take the shape of the roof easily. Copper felt is expensive. This is usually copper in colour when new and turns greenish as it ages.

Hipped roofs are best laid using tiles since with tiles, there will be less cutting and hence less wastage. Some steel roofing suppliers in Kenya can supply curved roofs. Gable roofs can be done using any type of roofing products. Some buildings such as Highlands restaurant at Afya Centre, Nairobi have glass roofs.

These give nice views but are expensive to put up. A square meter of 10mm structural glass costs approximately kes 2,800. The steepness of the roof can also be used to control cost. The more steep the roof, the more the surface area and hence the more the cost. Some roofing tiles such as Mangalore design require steep roofs to make sure that the rain water surface runnoff is fast and hence no leakages.

Recreational facilities such as tourist lodges which require rustic natural finishes will opt for the thatch roofs which can be patterned to various designs.

Benefits of Using a Fink Truss in your Roof Design

When planning to do renovations or constructing a new building, you can decide to use a fink truss on the roofing plan. There are very many people who are opting out for this option as there are a number of benefits that are associated to the fink truss such as:

Precision fit with Fink Truss Design

A Fink Truss is normally designed with accuracy where one is sure to get one that will fit the building properly without any problem. They are also very reliable and can be used all year round regardless of the weather conditions because they stay in good condition for long periods of time.

Less labor

It is possible to order fink trusses that have already been manufactured. This means that one does not have to go through the stress of having to make them from scratch. This makes construction work more bearable and faster as all one has to do is erect it in the right place and they are good to go. This also helps to cut down on costs as one does not have to employ extra workers that will deal with the fink truss.

Increased production and efficiency

One does not have to worry about wasting a lot of precious time on construction work when using a fink truss design as they normally lead to enhanced production and efficiency in the work place. This is because the components of the roof usually come ready to install. Most of them also come with simple to follow instructions that can be used by a person assembling the fink truss design for the first time without breaking a sweat. This also helps as no time is wasted on framing. It is a proven fact that a builder can come up with 3 component homes that are exactly the same with each stick built home.

Guaranteed performance with Fink Truss Designs

With a fink truss you don’t have to play a guessing game as to whether they will work or not as they have been used on a number of buildings without any complaints. They are also very strong as they are normally made from high quality material to ensure they serve the user for the longest time possible. There is also no need to worry as the fink truss is made in such a way that they withstand all national and local building code necessities. This means they can be used on any frame regardless of the level of complexity.  The components of the fink truss designs are also cheaper when compared with the material used for convectional framing: they do not lead to waste on the site which can cost the builder a huge amount of money that will be used for cleanup.

When you combine all the benefits of using the fink truss design it can be considered as the best option for the roofing system as they are ideal for additional, renovations or new constructions.

Installing clear, corrugated PVC roofing

Many modern homes have extensions of one sort or another. Porches, car ports, sun lounges or other small extensions of the house often make use of PVC roofing. Over time, the roofing may become worn or damaged and need repairing or replacing. Alternatively, if you are thinking of adding such an extension to your home you might well be contemplating adding a corrugated PVC roof as the finishing touch. This is a brief guide on the best method for installing corrugated PVC roofing.

Roofing materials:

• Clear PVCu corrugated sheets are supplied in 1. 8, 2. 4 or 3 metre lengths x 660mm wide.
• There are mini-profile sheets with a shallower roof corrugation also available from major Builders’ Merchants Stores in a sheet size of 2. 4 metres x 660mm wide.
• Corrugated screws and PVC screw washer sets.
• PVC corrugated eaves fillers.
• Exterior cladding for a professional looking finish to the roof, canopy or car port.
• Wooden joists for canopies, car ports, garages, building roofs and lean-to’s, and wooden support purlins.


Power tools often make light work of even the toughest job. Cutting down on the time it takes to complete a job and making your life easier. For this job we recommend the following power tools:

• Power drill, drill bits and driver for fixing corrugated screws through PVCu corrugated sheets into roof joists and purlins.
• An electric power saw for cutting clear, corrugated  PVCu sheets,  and timbers and purlins to size.

Clear PVCu roof supports:

All corrugated, clear PVCu sheets should be spaced and placed at 600mm centres and, where mini profile PVCu sheets are applied, placed at 500mm centres. A minimum slope of at least 5 degrees is recommended to achieve a rainwater run-off, but I would advocate you plan towards a 10 degree slope for maximum rainwater run-off.


When any person is working on erecting and fixing large, clear PVCu roof sheets to canopies, car ports and lean-to’s or roofs; you must conform with all Health and Safety issues as stated earlier in this roofing feature, and also work with an assistant and NOT work in windy conditions.

Fixing clear PVCu corrugated sheets:

Always ensure each sheet is applied vertically running from the highest to the lowest roofing point.

I recommend you follow my overlap recommendations as stated in the bitumenised, corrugated,  roofing pitches but would add, if  an overlap of clear sheets facilitates a good fit without cutting and necessitates an increase in the overlap, do so with my full recommendations. Do not reduce overlap measurements as it could easily create a gap for water to be blown through in windy conditions.

Drill all your fixing holes to fix clear corrugated PVCu panels (including mini profile panels) through the crown-point and not in the valley. Make all your drilled sheet fixing holes at least 5mm bigger than the screw diameter size to allow for thermal movement as a result of the sun.

Always use a PVC sealing washer on each screw fix as it is designed to stop any rainwater penetration and soften the pressure when the roof sheet is screwed firmly down.

Use a slow speed  power drill and sharp drill bit when drilling each hole with a firm support positioned beneath the clear PVCu panel’s corrugated crown. Don’t push the drill; let the drill do all the work and be patient as applying firm pressure can easily split a corrugated sheet at the crown point.

Apply all horizontal wooden purlins across the timber joists at the appropriate 500mm or 600mm centres. Cut a purlin joint recess into each timber joist at the appropriate 500 or 600mm centres to create a flush roof pitch level across the building’s roof. Be sure to take advice from your timber supplier that the cross-member purlins ARE the correct size to support your new corrugated roof.

Laying each clear PVCu sheet:

Ensure all timbers and purlins have been pre-treated with primers, paint or the appropriate wood preservatives recommended by your Builders’ or Timber Merchants. Be sure they are completely dry before starting to apply clear PVCu corrugated roof sheets to your building.

There must be a horizontal purlin in position near the top of the roof pitch and near the extending edge at the bottom, where rainwater will flow into a gutter, or straight off the roof if no gutters are being erected.

When you have decided where these two critical purlins are to be positioned, be sure there are purlins or timber joists located at each corrugated sheet overlap point for fixing the overlapping sheets down firmly with screws.

Place all other horizontal purlins at an equi-distant 500mm or 600mm gap between the highest and lowest horizontal purlin.

Lay your corrugated sheets down loosely at first before starting to make any final screw applications. Adjust the overlaps of any loose fitting sheets to avoid making unnecessary cuts to a fitting size. Both end and side corrugated sheet overhangs must not exceed 70mm and can easily be adjusted at this point before a final fix. Do not attempt to do this work in any windy conditions, or a slight breeze.
Sheet overlaps can easily be lifted and adjusted to hide any excess roof overhang areas, which must not exceed 70mm or a strong wind could lift the roof and cause untold damage to your work.

Fixing points – for drilling – can be clearly marked (by magic marker) on each corrugated sheet’s overlapping and final fix crown-points, together with any cutting lines before the cutting, drilling and final fix is commenced.

Once all markings, cutting and drill holes have been applied, you can then go back on the roof to commence a final fix. Be sure to spread your weight on a roofboard with a soft underside to avoid splitting any sheets.

It is a little like pre-determining the roofing jigsaw pieces before they are finally screwed into place.

Use fine-toothed hacksaws or a fine toothed, electric power saw to cut all your clear PVCu corrugated sheets to size. It might be wise to practice a cut of a PVCu sheet before attempting any final cuts. Always support these big expansive sheets when cutting (through an assistant’s help) before commencing any final cuts. If you are cutting vertically, draw the cutting line on the lower sheet using the upper sheet’s overlapping edge after you have created a new crown overlap line while it is temporarily in position on the roof purlins.  You will then create a perfect sized lower cut panel to accommodate a single crown overlap for a final fix of the roofing panels.

To prevent rainwater getting in to a building’s end verges under the clear PVCu roofing sheets, I strongly advocate the sheets must overhang the roof verges by at least one corrugation,  but no more than 70mm because of the possibility of damage from high winds.

The maximum size corrugated PVCu roof area for accommodating rainwater flow into gutters  using a squareline guttering design,  set at 65mm from the roof edge overhang,  is 78 to 150 sq.  metres.  Smaller roof area designs will easily accommodate the rainfall even in a heavy storm

Flat, clear, corrugated PVCu and bitumenised, roofing sheets can be fitted and used in climates not exceeding minus 20 celcius and plus 60 degrees celcius.

They are a great value-for-money, cheaper roofing  alternative for the prevailing weather conditions in the UK, Ireland, Scotland and Europe. They are a perfect roofing and canopy sheltering system for covering walkways, car ports,  garage roofs, cycle and garden sheds, agricultural equipment barn roofs, livestock enclosures,  zoo animal breeding and enclosure shelters, and for creating a cheaper roofing system for covering animal food supplies and materials’ storage enclosures where security is not an issue.

Bitumenised corrugated roofing sheets and clear PVCu roofing sheets offer enormous building savings’ potential for DIY enthusiasts, farmers, zoo owners, builders, landscape gardeners,  allotment owners, market gardeners, plant breeders, and business trying to erect new storage areas and reduce building capital costs,  wherever possible.

Be sure to think how you can build cheaper, by erecting an economical, corrugated, sheet- roofing system that will dramatically reduce capital outlay costs and yet still deliver on  sturdiness,  durability and waterproofing.

Cut down the hassle of this sort of job by making the most of the power tools available to you. Power tools often make light work of even the toughest job. Cutting down on the time it takes to complete a job and making your life easier.

Guide to Help Pick the Best Roofing

Choosing the right roofing can be stressful if you don’t take the time to do your homework. It is also a huge investment, so you want to get things right the first time round. There are a couple of tips you can use to help pick the best roof type that will make your house look great, offer optimal protection and give you value for your money.

Home style

Your roof has to complement the existing style hence the need to consider your home style first. Coastal homes look great with bright colors such as blue and red. Spanish styles look great with clay tiles. If you reside in a community, you will need to follow the rules regarding the type and color of your roofing (dakwerken).

 Go Green

Giving back to nature is a good thing and you can achieve this with your roof of choice. There are numerous eco-roofs you can use even in roof renovation (dakrenovatie). You will also be able to find a roof that is grown to your unique specifications. Green roofs produce life-giving oxygen, save energy and reduce CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. If you want to conserve the environment and still look good while doing so, go for the green roofing materials.


The color scheme of your house will influence your choice of roofing color. For example, the gray and blue houses look great with dark grey or black shingles. Houses that are cream, brown or tan benefit the most from cream and brown shingles. New shingle colors are the best way to add life to a dull color scheme. As a general rule, try and coordinate the colors of the roofing with that of other elements of the house.

Weather conditions

The weather conditions will affect your choice significantly. If you live in warm regions, a roofing material that reflects is the best choice to help cut down the cost of cooling. For cold regions, you will need a material that offers more insulation.

The choice of roofing will be influenced by your unique conditions. Talk to an expert to understand your options.  Dakwerken Limas is one of the best companies you can contact for your roofing or roof renovation needs in Antwerpen. The company has been in business for more than 20 years and works with all roof types. They will help with the skylights, wall insulation as well as all maintenance services. Dakwerken Limas has the skills, the experience and the equipment to deliver quality services.

Why You Should Consider Metal Roofing

When it comes to roofing, you always have a myriad of options. However, considering putting a new roof on your property is a big investment, knowing exactly what you are getting from your choice is very important. In this article, we will be looking at the key reasons why metal roofing is a great idea.

Asphalt is the norm

Let’s face it; almost every house you pass by has asphalt roofing (dakwerken). This is basically the norm. To stand out from the crowd, you have to think differently. Metal offers the ultimate solution. There are many designs to choose from when it comes to metal. You can go with steel, aluminum, or copper. The choices give you the chance to select the material that helps you stand out the way you want.


The reason why most people go for asphalt is because they are guaranteed of minimal roof renovation (dakrenovatie) costs. The common three-tab shingles offer a life span of between 15 and 30 years depending on the selected grade. This is attractive but metal roofing also offers a fair level of guarantee. Most of the metal materials have UV-protection pain which give them a longer lifespan than the normal shingle roof. Metal is also strong to resist such damaging factors as storms, strong winds and debris.

What is the downside?

Although metal is a great choice, it too does come with some disadvantages. Top on the list is the high cost of installation. The material will also not help with noise reduction during a hailstorm. It will hammer away even during a light downpour. When hit hard enough, metal roofing will dent. The repeated expansion and contraction of metal as temperatures changes may loosen the fasteners.

The best thing about modern-day metal roofing materials is that they are treated so you don’t have to worry about UV damage or rusting. Roof renovation is also easy since you only replace the damaged parts and you can apply a fresh coat of paint to add life to your roof.

There are many more reasons that make metal a great choice. However, to achieve the best results, you have to consider working with the best installer in the business. Dakwerken Apers is one of the most reliable companies you can contact for the installation and renovation of metal roofing.

Professional Tips to Help Choose the Best Roofing

Choosing the right roofing materials and style can be taxing if you don’t take time to do your homework. It is also a huge investment. Therefore, you want to ensure you get things right the first time round. But how can you achieve this yet this is the first project you are working on? The answer is to seek professional help and follow a few tips.

Decide on the best roof type

The first step is choosing the best roof type. You cannot install skylights (dakramen) on just any roof and nor can every roof type fit on every building. You need to decide on the roof that will match your home’s architectural design, make it look good, withstand the harsh elements of Mother Nature and last long. An experienced contractor will help understand your options and help pick the best roof type.

Set a budget

How much money you wish to spend on the roofing (dakwerken) project will have a significant impact on your decisions. It will help you decide on whether to use a flat or pitched roof and whether metal will be a more viable option to asphalt. Your budget will also influence the design and material you will use for your gutters. Always consider the maintenance needs of every option before picking it. For example, wood shakes will cost you less to install but will require more upkeep. Consider high-end roofing materials if you have extra cash to spend.

Home style

The idea is to boost the curb appeal by taking into account the architectural and color style of your house. If you belong to a community organization, there are may be rules you have to follow regarding color and the type of roof you install. Check the guidelines before you make the decision to install skylights.

The choice of roofing materials and style will be influenced by a number of factors; from your financial capabilities to the color and architectural style of your home to the community guidelines. Don’t go rogues. Follow the guidelines. You must also work with the most experienced and equipped contractor in the business.

From the supply of roofing materials to the installation of skylights and gutters, Dakwerken Limas is a great company in Antwerpen to contact for your unique needs. It has more than 20 years of experience in the business offering a full range of roofing services. The representative services include skylights installation, cavity wall insulation and roof maintenance and installation among others. The team is equipped to handle any roofing need.

New Methods to Fix Your Flat Roof on Your Own

A typical reaction of homeowners with flat roofs when they notice a leak is ‘head in hands’! Leaks can extensively damage your ceilings and decor. The reason for flat roof leaks are that asphalt flat roofs or built up flat roofs have a limited lifespan and they deteriorate due to weather variations.

Leaks on flat roofs spread in any direction and are hence very difficult to locate. Flat roof repair is also more challenging than that of a sloping roof. When you have a leak in a flat roof, the water does not necessarily express itself at the spot it is leaking through. In most cases, it generally travels some distance before expressing itself. You ought to remember one important factor when locating a leak- water does not travel uphill, so discount all the areas below the spot where you noticed the leak.

If you have a flat roof that shows some leaks, inspect the roof for trouble spots, when the roof is cool and dry. Inspect the flashings first as flashings connect the roof with other objects that are not part of the roof. Look for small cracks, breaks in seam or openings in and around the flashings. Look for dry lake beds as they indicate ponding. Concentric circles of dirt indicates that the presence of a low spot. Seams are another area that deserves your attention, check for holes, cracks and loose seam.

Once the source of the leak is located one of the following methods, depending on the roofing material, can be used to carry out the repair.

Plastic roof cement method is recommended on single-ply systems, Modified Bitumen or BUR and Built up Roof systems. Remove all the gravel and other debris and clean the surface. Ensure that the surface on which the repair is being carried out is clean and dry. Apply the roof cement on the entire area and well beyond it (six inches approx). The plastic roof cement is trowel grade and has to be applied in a continuous process while applying pressure.

After the cement has begun setting, lay a strip of fiberglass reinforcing fabric on the cemented area. This fabric acts as reinforcement, greatly increasing the life of the repair. Apply a layer of plastic roof cement over the exposed fabric; you may lay an additional layer of the fabric to further strengthen the repair.

Sealant and Roof Tape method is recommended for smooth surfaced roofing systems such as E.P.D.M or PVC Thermoplastic. The surface has to be prepared before carrying out the repairs. Clean the area with a cleaning solution and wipe it dry. Apply polyurethane or butyl sealants that are generally available in hardware stores. In case you are applying roof tape; apply even pressure for better adhesion. Duct tape is recommended for PVC roofing systems. Clean the area and then apply the tape with even pressure applied.

Please note that these repairs are temporary in nature and it is advisable to carry out permanent repairs by a professional roofing expert.

Commercial maintenance and roofing for industrial buildings


The service and maintenance issues may vary on the base of your location however when you contact some agencies that keep extensive popularity for their service and offer numerous similarities.

A company usually establishes a standard procedure for handled calls to cover every step properly and check the place to assure the complete removal of entire trash and debris from the area. The service and maintenance issues must vary on the base of your location in the country however when you get agencies that have extensive reputation for service, the priority is given to maintenance agreements and the documents about all services. Moreover everyone accepts that the firm maintenance section is not just a lucrative area of the agency, it also creates numerous jobs.

Check out with several firms in the various locations to know how they handle their maintenance sections. They will definitely offer good suggestions of creating reputation for customer service and professional problem-solving talents.

Coatings are a major part of the work for the maintenance section while roofing that restores the roof. A service provider informs customers for power and light for qualifying roof work.

The team work for Commercial Maintenance service includes a group of men from two to four, and manager and salesperson.

You receive a technical expertise and communication skills. The service providers send people with experience in the commercial building for maintenance. Sometimes people have minor personality but good communication skills that are also significant to have a proper conversation with client.

Few customers hire on the base of annual contracts. They take manual and choose the service that they need to secure their precious asset in their workplace. The roofing work is offered by using the new tools. For diverse operation units of clients, they need the maintenance in the all parts. In the modern time, data is stored online. It enables owners to budget work and plan for roofing. It is not only for single roof. Some companies also offer discounts for their established customers.

Coatings are included as a major part of the maintenance service that provides ten years warranty. Moreover the emergency service is also offered that attracts the customers. Places affected by hurricane or tornado hardly get the roofer. Popular companies prefer to keep large staff to handle the natural troubles and easily handle the emergency situations. The working crews are active in the different parts.

Sutter roofing installs and services many kinds of commercial roofing systems and the operators are well trained to repair the systems within the shortest interval of time.

Every job brings some challenge. Having vast count of workers ensures that the commercial and industrial maintenance and replacement is done ideally in the different locations, variety of single plies and metal roofing. With the full time repair professionals and ability to handle the emergency cases, the maintenance work is performed precisely that the customers enjoy to keep the service and are relieved from the hassles of collecting materials. Moreover the costs are reasonable so it doesn’t break the budget.

Tile Roof Maintenance, Easier Than Look

Tile roofing is possibly one of the most resilient forms of roofing available, and has been so for thousands of years. It is extremely resilient against all forms of weather, from heat and cold, and against pests and mold.

However, like with any other roof, tile roof maintenance is sometimes necessary. In this article, we’ll go over the various ways in which tile roofing can be damaged, as well as what you can do to not only prevent damage to your roof but also conduct minor repairs.

The primary way tile roof maintenance is required is by either excessive and inexperienced foot traffic or falling debris such as tree limbs, both of which can crack tiles and cause multiple problems. If a tile is cracked, regardless of how, it should be replaced as soon as possible to avoid the layer underneath being exposed to sun and rain.

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Tiling is usually quite resistant and actually hardens with age, but a single broken tile can compromise the effectiveness of the entire roof. Many people worry that tile roofs are too heavy for most structures, but a good weight distribution and experienced laying techniques can allay this.

Tile roof maintenance is generally required only when a tile breaks, but debris should be cleared from the roof whenever necessary. Things like branches, garbage, and other organic debris can soak up water and allow it to collect in certain places, and can block drains and gutters that are necessary to keep water from damaging the roof.

Snow is actually a great insulator and, with snow guards properly in place, will drain off the roof without causing any damage all while keeping your house warm in winter.

Tile roof maintenance is largely a matter of keeping an eye on your roof and conducting routine checks every few months to look for damaged or broken tiles or piles of debris. If you want to inspect your roof yourself, be very careful about how you walk on the tiles – you may be out there looking for broken tiles and break a few yourself!

How Technology Is Changing the Roofing Industry

Ten years ago things were much different. Having already been five years in to the new millennium, technology had been shaping the way we communicate, find businesses, and manage our priorities. Since then, technology has essentially overtaken every aspect of our lives. And the roofing industry is changing with it.

These days, technology is able to make everyone’s life easier. Sure, there are some setbacks, but, for the most part, technology is doing exactly what it is meant to do: Simplify every day tasks and enable us to reach out further than ever before. In regards to the roofing industry – both internally and from a consumer standpoint – things are becoming more straightforward, allowing contractors to focus more on construction and less on planning, marketing and communicating with customers.

For one, websites have transformed from minimalistic web pages with mostly text-based content, to much more robust, yet user-friendly, mediums. Whereas in the past, websites did little more than help promote your business, customers can, these days, find all the answers they’re looking for with a few clicks and swipes. Want to know where you can find the best flat roof contractor in the Lansing, Michigan area? No problem. A simple Google search will turn up results galore allowing you to do your own research quickly and efficiently.

Even the process of choosing and building a roof has been simplified thanks to the power of ease of technology. Software that allows contractors to visualize their plans and present them accordingly to their clients is just one way that technology has begun to reshape the industry. 3D rendering is another. Have you ever watched any home improvement shows on networks like HGTV or DIY? You’ve probably noticed contractors using their iPads to show off their renderings, of which allows their clients to visually finalize the plans and move forward. Ten years ago, while there had been software like this existing at that time, the options were scarce and the capabilities were minimal.

Technology has become the staple of our generation. It’s infiltrated every aspect of our lives, and therefore made many tasks much easier. Roofing has not gone unaffected. While many industries are far behind the pack, roofing has proven to be an early adopter of new technologies, allowing for quick adaptation of plans and custom contract work for all. So the next time you look up at that beautiful roof, you can thank technology for its role in its construction.

Tar And Gravel Versus Torchdown For Your Flat Roof

If you have a flat roof dwelling or building, then choosing the traditional shingling materials will not be an option. Flat roofs offer some unique challenges when it comes to replacing or installing a new one. They often will cost a little more money than a regular sloped roof design, but not choosing the right one will cost you dearly in the future. There are a couple of options that you can choose from, the old style tar and gravel, and a new process called torchdown.

Torchdown roofing is like rubberized asphalt that comes in large rolls. Each one is rolled out across the roof and a torch is used to melt it directly onto the existing sheathing. The torchdown also melts each piece together totally eliminating any and all seams. This helps it form a water tight barrier that will eliminate leaks from the small amounts of water that tend to gather on flat roofs. Made of modified bitumen combined with high quality resins, they are also resistant to the harmful UV rays of the sun.

Torchdown roofing has an estimated life span of about 20 years, and is virtually maintenance free over that time. The combination of materials used makes it very strong, tear resistant and will avoid any other abrasive damage. Unlike the old style tar and gravel roof, the torchdown process is pretty much odor free.

Tar and gravel roofing has been around for many years, and with good success. It is a process by which a combination of asphalt and tar are spread, covering the entire surface, then a gravel mixture is placed over top. This gives it a water resistant surface and a life span of around 15 years. The one big drawback with this type is the fact that the fumes can be overwhelming. Some people have actually had to move out of their house while the new roof was being installed.

Although the tar and gravel rough tends to be about a thousand dollars cheaper for an average sized job, by choosing the torchdown variety you’ll be getting a much better overall finished product, and you won’t have to deal with those obnoxious fumes. Be sure to choose you roofing contractor wisely, as there have been reports in the past of fires being started by some inexperienced roofers laying the torchdown style.

Steel Roof Deck: What Are the Different Types?

The Wide Rib Roof Deck is the most popular steel roof deck and has the highest strength to weight ratio of all the steel roof decks. It is 22-gauge roof deck, most commonly called a Type B roof deck. The Wide R Roof Deck can handle a stress load at any span from four to six feet. In order to achieve greater strength you need a steel roof deck that has deeper ribs or a heavier gauge. A heavier gauge means getting a steel roof deck with a lower number.

If you have deck that was made before the inception of the Type – B/Wide Rib roof you may need to use a Narrow or Intermediate Rib Roof Deck to match it. These are known as the type- A roof deck and type – F roof decks, their ribs are spaced 6 in on center and are also the same in depth. This is called the six-inch pitch. They may be a little less than the strength to weight ratio, but they offer more support for insulation than the Type – B Wide Roof. The Type – A is the oldest of the steel roof decks. It was made in the 50’s and 60’s to handle the really weak insulation of that period

The Deep Rib Roof Deck is the most economical steel roof deck especially when you need a roof to handle large vertical loads or if you want it to span anything over 8ft. Just like structural beams, it has proven to be more economical to use deeper steel roof sections rather than increasing the material. This gives the roof more flexibility when it comes to handling vertical loads. Most canopied buildings utilize deep Rib/Type N roof decks simply because they do support more weight.

You can also fasten a steel roof deck to most existing primary structures or adjacent steel roof deck units. This makes the steel roof deck more like a diaphragm that is capable of transferring the horizontal load throughout the structure. Earthquakes or high winds can easily cause a horizontal load weight, which is why the Steel Roof Institute published a manual on diaphragm design.

The manual shows in detail how each type of steel roof deck sections can withstand pressures. They examine each using a variety of fasteners and horizontal weight loads. All so that the users of steel roof decks can choose one that will be beneficial in their region. Steel roof decks have evolved and are stronger than the roofs of our great grandparents, and even our grand parents. They are galvanized today for greater longevity. Learn more about them almost anywhere on the internet.

Understanding the 3 Types of Asphalt Shingles

The roof is one of the most important parts of a house. It is the first line of defense against a myriad of elements that beat out siding and windows. Because an improperly installed roof can be detrimental to a structure, familiarizing yourself with your roofing options is important before starting work on any project. In this post, we will be looking at the three main types of asphalt shingles you have to choose from.

Three-tab organic

Simply put, this is the standard option. It is available in three foot strip showing 3 tabs. These shingles have a lifespan of 20 years in most areas though it is not uncommon for them to last for up to 30 years. The shingles are made up of thin fiber sheet which are made from wood and/or paper composite. The sheet is immersed in soft asphalt cement and run through a roller to form the roofing (dakwerken) shingle. It is then recoated with heavier asphalt. Ceramic granule coating is added to add strength.

 Three-tab fiberglass

This is almost identical to the three-tab organic only that it uses fiberglass matt in place of the wood/ paper foundation. Fiberglass matt doesn’t take up a lot of asphalt during pressing and roller processes. As a result, the material is lighter and much easier to install. It further offers more protection against tear. However, roof renovation (dakrenovatie) is common when three-tab fiberglass is used in areas with high winds. The material easily rips off. Additionally, since these shingles don’t have a lot of asphalt, they get brittle over time.

Architectural shingles

Often times, these materials are referred to as laminated shingles. During manufacturing, two layers of shingles are used. The material is hence heavier and less susceptible to high winds. They can withstand winds of up to 90 miles per hour. These roofing shingles further give a three-dimensional wood shingle appearance to a structure thereby increasing curb appeal.

Your choice of any of the three roofing options will depend on where you live, your budget and the impression you wish to create. Make sure you hire a great installer to help with the project.

Tips to Help Decide Whether to Repair or Replace

 More often than not, the decision on whether to repair or replace your roof is never an easy one to make. Even so, making the right choice is the key to preventing or reducing long-term expenses. Before you consider a roof renovation, here are some tips that will help you make the best choice.

Thoroughly inspect your roof

It is recommended to inspect your roof at least twice a year. The best time to do this is in spring and fall. Regular inspections will help identify issues before they worsen thereby enabling you to prevent major expenses which would otherwise be incurred replacing your roofing materials instead of just repairing.

During an inspection, check for signs of tear and wear such as warped or torn tiles, cracks, spitting and curling. You must also check for loose granular coating as well as damaged shingles and algae growth. At times, hiring professional help could help identify problems that may elude the untrained eye.

Evaluate the extent of the problem

The decision on whether to repair or replace your roofing materials will depend mostly on the extent of the damage. Although repairs may be more affordable in roof renovation (dakrenovatie Antwerpen), at times, the only best way forward is to replace the materials. This is mostly so when there is extensive damage to the structure. At times, repairs may only delay the inevitable and thereby end up costing you more. If the roof damage is more than 30%, replacing the roofing materials may just be the best way forward.

List the repair versus replacement costs

When making a major decision, cost and value are very important factors. Repair may be viable now but you may not have any other choice but to replace in the near future. Make sure the repair costs don’t end up costing you more than you would have with roof replacement. Weigh your options keenly.

Deciding on whether to repair or replace is not as simple as you may think. This is more so when there are complicated issues like major storm damage and moisture. A professional roofer will give you expert advice on the step to take.

Certified Ways to Cool Flat Roofs

 Flat roofs have long been popularly used on commercial and residential buildings. Now, this type of roofing has also penetrated the residential homes market. Flat roofs are proven to give houses modern appeal. However, they are also known for trapping heat, which can make the residents uncomfortable. Below are some recognized methods to cool a flat roof.

One of the most common methods of preventing flat roofs from trapping heat is to apply roof coatings. Roof coatings come in different brands and materials, and if used properly can reflect up to ninety percent of solar heat. Some opt to install solar panels on their flat roofs to harness solar power and turn them to energy, helping residents cut their energy bills.

Another proven method is applying elastomeric paint on the roof. This paint contains elastomeric polymer which enables it and the material it is applied on to expand and contract. Using two coats of white elastomeric paint can boost the roof’s ability to reflect solar heat by up to 75 percent. It also helps save energy normally used for different heating equipments.

Some people apply layers of foam that act as a roof insulator. It disperses heat that would have gone directly into the house. Its effectiveness is reflected by the increased number of people using foams for added insulation around the frames of their new michigan replacement windows. In addition, this type of roof insulator can redirect cold which helps people maintain steady indoor temperature.

Some michigan roofers choose to install an asbestos film shield on the flat roof. This low-sloped shield must be carefully constructed to prevent it from catching winds that can blow the roof away. Asbestos also helps absorb light and heat, preventing them from infiltrating the house.

Centuries-old air catchers are employed by houses located in warm climates. They trap cold air, which is then directed indoors. During cool weather, Michigan roofing experts close air catchers’ vent seal to prevent cold air from entering the house. Remember that it is best to let experienced roofing contractors handle the job for you rather than tire yourself for a mediocre result.

Flat Concrete Roof Cleaning and Maintenance

Cleaning and maintaining a flat concrete roof requires some hard work. As opposed to sloped roofs, flat roofs hold water and collect a lot of dirt and debris. In order to ensure that your roof remains watertight and is strong enough to hold the standing water, you need to make sure that you regularly clean itand perform maintenance checks.

Flat Roof Cleaning

There are many different ways in which you can keep your roof clean. However, you should know that excessive cleaning of the roof may result in damage and breakage as it puts additional stress on the roof. That said, the three most common methods of washing flat roofs are chlorine bleach washing, sodium hydroxide washing and pressure washing.

* Using chlorine to wash roofs is good in that it requires less rinsing. However, chlorine can be toxic to plants as well as people in some cases. Hence, you should take adequate precaution if you use chlorine to clean your roof.
* If your roof is especially dirty or grimy, you can sodium hydroxide to clean it. The downside is that sodium hydroxide needs to be rinsed thoroughly, and this adds to wear and tear on the roof. Also, sodium hydroxide can be harmful to people, animals, and plants, so you need to take extra precaution when using this.
* While the first two methods are more commonly used on asphalt roofs, pressure washing is extremely popular for flat concrete roofs. Moreover, pressure washing means that you are not going to be using any harsh or harmful chemicals. Its cost-effective, eco-friendly, can clean the hardest stains, and can remove algae and moss. The only disadvantage if you have a colored roof is that it can wash away thin or thinning layers of coloring.
Flat Roof Maintenance

Maintenance of your flat concrete roof requires that you regularly check for cracks and blisters. Any sign of damage could result in a leak, or worse, a collapse. Flat roof maintenance becomes particularly important after a heavy downpour or snowfall. Here are some pointers to help you get started.

* Always keep your roof clean. Flat roofs tend to collect a lot of debris, dirt, and even fallen branches from nearby trees. Make it a point to regularly remove such dry debris.
* One of the biggest disadvantages of flat roofs is that water does not drain off it. Hence, keeping your drains and drain pipes / downspouts clean becomes exceedingly important. Remove all the sludge and algae that accumulates around the drain openings, and use drain cleaners to keep the pipes / downspouts from getting choked.
* Inspect the roof surface for blisters and cracks. It is always better to find these when they are small, so you can repair them before excessive damage is done. If you find any cracks, use a roof cement to seal it. For blisters, poke at them with a knife, drain out all the water, and then apply the roof cement.
* Sometimes, extensive damage may require the removal of sections of the roof and replacement with newer material. This, however, can impair the waterproofing of the roof, which is essential in flat roofs. If you find too much damage on your roof, consider covering the roof with a reinforced fiberglass sheet, which contains a polymer composite. And know when to consult a professional.

What About Asphalt Shingle Maintenance?

Roof maintenance is something many people forget to do, but can be an important part of the upkeep of a home. There are several steps that you should go through before and during the maintenance of a roof, but these differ depending on the material it’s made of. In this article, we’ll go over how to clean and maintain an asphalt shingle roof.

The first thing you’ll want to do in any roof maintenance job is clean debris from the roof. This can be anything that has built up behind HVAC units, pitch pans or pipes, and other penetrations of the roof. Since this debris tends to soak up water, and water is one of the leading causes of deterioration of the roof (especially in roofs that are primarily asphalt), you’ll want to do this two or maybe three times a year.

If the roof is collecting moss and algae, zinc control or lead control strips should be installed. All the flashings should be checked for holes, and algae and moss should be removed. If there are any shingle tabs that are loose, a little roofing cement can be dabbed under either side to secure them. Damaged or broken shingles should be removed and replaced.

Keeping gutters debris free is an important part of roof maintenance, and is necessary for proper water flow control, and pour water down the downspouts to ensure that they are functioning correctly. If there are tree branches overhanging, they should be trimmed to prevent debris from falling on the roof.

Open valley metal should be checked for rust, and if there is rust then it should be wire brushed away, and then the metal should be primed and painted. Caulking and sealants should be checked, and if any is cracked or damaged it should be scraped away and re-applied. If you have a brick and mortar chimney, check the mortar on the sides and on top, and if it is damaged it can be repaired by a mason.

Roof maintenance is often a simple matter of knowing how the weather affects your home. If you have asphalt shingles that can be damaged over time, a periodic checkup and some mild repair work is likely all that is necessary.

Roofing Issues Related To Carports And Garages


In order to provide better protection to vehicles, carport and garages have always been a part of many houses. These areas are also used for many other activities such as music band practice. Vehicles need to be protected from extreme weather conditions and other damages that might be caused to the structure and roofing. Asbestos removal Brisbane is another problem associated with roofing carports and garages. There is a wide range of roofing options available in the market. You can choose the design, style, material and color according to your requirements and your budget.

Many years ago, garages were made out of timber. This material had a major problem of getting damaged from termites and excess water accumulation. These days the use of metals is more popular in the construction of carports and garages. The basic requirements of a carport are that it should be able to protect the vehicle from water damage, mould and mildew, harmful sun rays, storms and strong winds.

Polyethylene is more commonly used in the newer designs of carports. These are portable shelters constructed with galvanized steel frame and polyethylene canopy. This material shows resistant against UV rays, rot, mildew and water. Another option is that of metal carports. These generally have a longer life span of about fifteen to twenty years. The frame and roof are both constructed with galvanized steel. The roofs are further coated with silicon to provide enhanced protection and longer life. Metal is more robust and has greater sustainability. The roof will not twist or warp and will be highly resistant to corrosion.

Carports and garages are available in a range of designs, colors and materials to choose from. You can choose the one that best compliments your house and is able to provide the required protection. Some structures have most material used in roofing, while others can include side walls and doors. The roofing designs may be regular and flat, A-frame or A-frame vertical. The sizes may also vary according to the particular requirements. There are different price ranges for different materials. This gives you an option to choose the one according to your budget.

There are a number of roofing companies that deal in roofing, re-roofing and asbestos removal for carports and garages. You may choose the one such as Metal Technology Roofing – that has more experience because having the shed installed is not an activity you would like to repeat very soon in case of damages.

Carpenter Tools: An Understanding

What are Carpenter Tools?

The tools that help in the work of a carpenter or anyone performing artistic works and wood work come under the section of carpenter tools. Proficient craftsman performing carpentry using a wide range of wood working and carpentry tools is called as carpenter. The carpenter is involved in the construction of different types of building, furniture and other objects made up of wood. Carpenters are usually involved in rough carpentry though carpentry requires considerably diligent hand works.

Types Of Carpentry Tools :- In the line of carpentry tools their lies tools like:

  • Standard Handsaws
  • Ripsaws
  • Bow Saws
  • Compass / Keyhole Saws
  • Hacksaws
  • Dovetail Saws
  • Coping Saws
  • Wallboard Saws
  • Veneer Saws
  • Rod Saws
  • Crosscut Saws etc.


Carpentry tools’ manufacturings have emerged to become an upcoming business sector, with mushrooming players. As these are widely used at a large scale, the tools are available in many shops acquiring their own place in the market. Apart from these shops, small and big enterprises have also been established in order to cater to the needs of a wider section. Local as well as global enterprises are ready to place the orders at a click of the button to the door steps. The orders range from single tools to simple and high-end carpentry tool kits. Various B2B directories and market places have created common platforms for these manufacturers.


Describing briefly about some of the carpentry tools, we can say that:-

  • Hacksaws are fine toothed saw which are specially designed to cut metals. These hacksaws have blade of relatively high tensions. For these blades there are several designs like medium, coarse, very fine-tooth and fine. So as to cut severe and extra-tough steel, bi-metal or high speed blades are widely used.
  • Coping saws come next. Carpentry tools which are usually termed as coping saws are used for carving intricate patterns and cutting asymmetrical shapes. Copying saw are the items largely used by the carpenters consisting of steel tension frames. Their blade size ranges differently with some spiral blades there are some other blades to turn on the frame in a copying saw.
  • Last but, not the least, utility knives. Utility knives are specially created so as facilitate the cutting of heavy objects in laminates, flooring, cardboard, carpet, cartons, roofing, plastic etc. These utility knives are made out of variety of materials like aluminum, aluminum alloys etc. which have superior durability strength for heavy use. These utility knives are equipped with some of the locking features for holding the blades securely.

Different Types of Roofing and Their Uses

 Homes build from start of the mankind on this planet. Some basic things which included in the name of home are walls, roofs and doors. In this article we mainly discuss the roofing, types of it and effect of roofing on homes. Roofs are upper part of the home which gave us shelter and without which anyone cannot complete its home so we can say that these are the back bones of any construction rather that done to made a home or to make a commercial building.

Today many diversified type of construction is going on around us so that people the importance of roof is much more higher than in any other time. The roofs of home are different from the commercial one. In homes we use less heavy roofs. Roofs used in home are made up of the same material sometimes but the ratio of the material used in those is less than the roof used in commercial buildings. This is so because house and its roof have to share fewer loads on it as compare to other building. Because of this fact the roof`s used in commercial building get more attention and always remain in discussion of the people making those building. The work of roofs in commercial building and not only to provide the shelter to the lower floors only but those have to share the load of the pillar as well on which the roof of the next storey will stand. Those roofs are thinker because materials like concrete and steel is used in bulk. These roofs also have to bear the load of the decoration and other treatment done to make those beautiful.
As some roofs not build to bear the heavy load so that diversified types of treatment are available in the market to save homes from external effects. Sometime treatment to save home from external effects comprises on only chemicals means that; there is a chemical available in the market which if applied to wall or roofs than can resist the external things such as rain and sun to not provide any harm to the roofs. But the most effect treatment to save home from such effect comprised on the thermo pole sheets. Those thermo pole sheets placed in the roofs while building going by the construction process which resists the external effect to harm the internal environment.
There are two main types of roofs are available in the market. One is made from the mixture of concrete and steel which is known as RC roofs and other one is comprised upon the bricks and concrete which is an older method to make roofs. Roofing is one those things which can never be neglected because on this the structure and fame of your house is standing. Mostly, people use RC roofs because those are long lasting and strong as compare to the others. It is also an advice from the professional that do not comprise in roofing while constructing any type of building.

Repairing Leaky Roofs Based on Roof Type

The roof is one of the most vulnerable parts of the home exterior, especially since it is exposed to all kinds of outdoor elements. Rain or shine, hurricane or typhoon, the chill of winter or the heat of summer”�”roofs experience all these extremes, a fact that each homeowner needs to mindfully consider. As a Denver homeowner, it is necessary for you to regularly conduct roof inspections and maintenance projects to keep your roof intact and functioning as it should.

One of the most pestering roof problems faced by many homeowners is a leaky roof, which is an avenue for further house problems. Leaks can cause damage to the home interior, and this highlights the importance ofimmediately taking action at the first signs of leaks. Listed below are the different ways to repair leaky roofs based on roof type.

Shingle Roofs

Shingle roofs are composed of individual overlaps usually of flat rectangular shapes made of wood, asbestos-cement, ceramic, or slate material. Leaky shingle roofs are very easy to repair. All you have to do is tolook at the areas where shingles are damaged, missing, or curled, as well as the breaks and gaps. These can be easily flattened, re-attached, or replaced.

Wooden Shake Roofs

Leaky roof repair for wooden shakes are very similar to the process done for shingle roofs, but are more tasking. The first step is to hammer and chisel the damaged shake, then cut a new one to fill in the measured gap left by the old shake. Remember to leave enough clearance; cut a shake smaller than the original measurement by about 3/8 of an inch, because shakes naturally swell during rain. This will most likely be the advice of a Denver roofing contractor.

Flat Roofs

Among all roof types, flat roofs have the biggest tendency to collect water puddles, with minimal water run-off due to its flat structure. Flat roofs are also built with layers of tar and felt, with leaks usually occurring at the spot of felt damage. Repairing leaks of flat roofs first involve mopping and soaking out the pooled water in the damaged area, followed by brushing off the gravel, looking for cracks or blisters, and then mending it. Denver roofing contractors can assist you in repairing your leaky flat roof.

Leaks need to be addressed as soon as you detect them. A leak not only causes even greater home damage, it also involves unnecessary additional costs. Seek the help of a Denver roofing company especially for leak problems which may be difficult for you to deal with alone.

The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Metal Roofing Materials

Metal roofing is fast gaining popularity because of the various benefits. The National Roofing Contractor’s Association has conducted studies that indicate that over the last ten years homeowners and homebuilders have increasingly chosen metal as the preferred roofing material. This increased demand has led to a greater distribution of metal roofing material in the market.

Today’s metal roofing is very different from the roofs of the tin sheds and barns of the past. You can now install metal roofs that are very attractive and come in a variety of designer shapes, colors and material. Latest technology has allowed many novel qualities like thermal reflectivity, increased corrosion resistance and weight reduction to be imparted to metal roofing. These roofs are fire resistant and extremely durable. Once installed, metal roofs can last up to the life of the building. They seal out water very effectively and are able to shed snow very easily. Being strong and rigid, they are able to resist high winds and rot, mold, mildew and pests/insects as well. Their longevity is supported by strong warranties of twenty to fifty years provided by metal roofing manufacturers.

With the use of new technology and material like aluminum, zinc, and other alloys used for manufacturing metal roofing, the overall weight has reduced considerably. It thus exerts much less strain on the roof structure. Some extremely lightweight metal shingles can be applied to an existing roof without tearing it down. This way it lends added support to the existing structure and provides an impressive ‘new look’ roof without any substantial gain in weight.

Thermal reflective coating on metal roofing allows very little heat from the sun to radiate into the interior of the building during the daytime. During nighttime they also let less heat escape through the roof, greatly increasing energy efficiency and help to substantially cut down energy bills.

To provide aesthetic appeal metal roofs can be made to resemble a variety of different roofing materials. Available in a number of textures and colors, metal roofs look beautiful and can be integrated into buildings incorporating all types of architectural designs and color schemes.

Metal roofs require much less time for installation as compared to other type of roofs. This lets the job be satisfactorily completed within a relatively short time and at a much lesser cost. Contractors, laborers etc. disturb the privacy of the occupants of the house for a shorter time too.

However, like any other roof, metal roofs also have some disadvantages, which should be considered before deciding to install one. The first disadvantage is the high cost of installation. The high cost however can be justified if the homeowner plans to occupy the house for a long period.

The process of installation is also complex requiring professional services for proper installation. Possibility of leaks also exists in case panel joints are not made watertight or in case the screws are not properly fixed. If the roof is not securely fastened, it can suffer wind damage. A metal roof can be quite noisy with the drumming of rainfall and hail. Flying hail and debris can also cause damage to the roof by denting and scratching.

Flat Roof Repair For Dummies

Flat roofs, like other types of roofs, require regular maintenance. Small problems on the smooth surface of an asphalt or bitumen felt covering, e.g. splits and blisters can be easily tackled with a patch repair kit. Repairing a flat roof is not difficult even if you have never done it before.

To deal with splits, first remove any chippings. Use a blow torch or hot air paint stripper to soften the roof covering so that you can scrape the chippings away. Then, before embarking on the actual repair work, clean the area and kill any moss and lichen with a fungicide or bleach. Take care when cleaning because the effectiveness of any repair work will depend on the adhesiveness of the surface when you apply any patches.

Use self-adhesive tape to repair the split. Most of them are suitable for use on all types of roof coverings. Fill a wide split with a mastic compound before taping. Apply the primer supplied over the area to be covered and leave for one hour. Peel off the protective backing of the tape and apply it to the primed surface. Where a short split has occurred along a joint, cover the whole line of the joint with tape. Press the tape down firmly and make sure that the edges are sealed.

Blisters in asphalt or felt roofs only need to be treated if they contain water or have caused the roof covering to leak. Press the blister to check if moisture is expelled. If so, it must be sealed with a patch.

To repair a blister in an asphalt roof, heat the area with a blow torch or hot air paint stripper. When it is soft, try to flatten the blister. If the blister is filled with moisture, cut the blister open and let the moisture dry out. Gently heat the asphalt again before pressing it back into place. Apply mastic into the opening before closing it. Finally cover the area with a patch of repair tape.

To treat a blister on a felt roof make two intersecting cuts across the blister and peel back the felt. You can heat the felt gently to make this easier. Clean the opening and let it dry. Then apply bitumen adhesive and when it has set a little, nail the covering back into place with galvanised clout nails. Finally, cover the repair with a patch of roofing felt glued on with bitumen adhesive or use repair tape. Cut the patch generously so that it laps all round.

A patched roof can be spruced up by applying a finishing coat of bitumen and chippings to create a more uniform surface area. If the surface covering has decayed you may have to re-cover the roof. However, a roof showing signs of general wear and tear can be brought back to life with a liquid waterproofing treatment. This consists of the cold application of a bitumen-based water proofer which is reinforced with a glass-fibre membrane. This should be done during warm and dry weather.

First clean the roof and kill any moss and lichen. Apply the first coat of water proofer with a broom and then lay the membrane into the wet material and stipple it with a soaked brush. Make sure the edges overlap by 5 cm or more and bed them down with water proofer. Apply three coats altogether. Let each coat dry before applying the next. Clean the brush with soapy water before each coating. When the last coat starts to set, cover it with fine chippings to provide a protective layer.

Repairing a flat roof is not difficult and within the capability of most people. By following the steps outlined above you can successfully repair a flat roof in very little time.

How to Clean Your Flat Roof

There are three common methods to clean your flat roof. However, all of them have their pros and cons and accordingly you should find out which method is more suitable for your flat roof. Most of the roofs are stained by algae and require regular cleaning to keep them looking good. Your worries would have been multiplied with a roof with shingles. But as flat roofs mostly do not have shingles, there is no need to worry about them.

The biggest problem with flat roof is of stagnant water after rainfall. Though most of the flat roofs are slightly slanted, which is of course not noticeable, yet water stagnates and becomes the cause of growth of moss and algae on it. If the moss or algae infected parts of your roof do not receive sunlight early in the morning then this algae does not die, instead it grows with the help of morning dew that has settled on your roof, further aggravating your problem of an unclean roof.

As said earlier, there are three ways in which you can clean your flat roof. A very common method is pressure cleaning. You can use a gasoline powered pressure washer. It delivers 2.4 gallons of water per minute and as a result releases a pressure of 2,500 pounds per square inch! You can equip the spray wand of the pressure washer with a 25-degree tip as used for general purpose cleaning. You can get astonishing results with this method of cleaning your flat roof.

All the dust, algae, moss and lichens that have covered your roof over a period of time will be removed. However, one thing to be kept in mind while using this method is that you should keep the spray wand tip close to the area to be cleaned, something like 6 inches from the surface. It is a very environment friendly way of cleaning your flat roof. It also saves you from investing your money in chemicals as required in other ways of cleaning your flat roof like chlorine solutions or sodium hydroxide base solutions.

Another way to clean your flat roof is with the help of chlorine solution washes. This procedure takes shorter duration to clean your flat roof. It requires much lesser time to rinse as compared to the other two methods. As a result the roof is saved from a lot of wear and tear due to prolonged hours of washing and cleaning. However, chlorine is toxic for some people and some plants as well. So care should be taken to keep them away when you are carrying out this procedure to save them from spray runoffs.

Another method of cleaning your roof is based on Sodium Hydroxide. Cleaners that have a base of Sodium Hydroxide are very effective as degreasers, but they need to be rinsed a lot as compared to chlorine solutions. This is not only time consuming but also involves a greater risk for your roof to be damaged. Sodium oxide is also toxic and should be kept away from coming in contact with property or persons. Plants should be especially kept away from Sodium Hydroxide. This chemical is also caustic and cause irreversible damage to your roof if used in high levels.

Free Tool Shed Building Plans

If you are a do-it-yourselfer like me, you know it’s a smart idea to have good plans before starting a new woodworking project.  Recently, I wanted to build a tool shed behind my house, and I figured I had 2 options – I could either buy some good quality plans or I could download some free tool shed building plans from the Internet.

And I found that you can pretty much find free plans all over the Internet.  And a lot of them are very good quality.

These free tool shed building plans are changing the game by allowing you to instantly download full blown schematic drawings, materials lists, cutting lists and step by step instructions.  What I have found is that with the detail these free plans provide, it really doesn’t matter if you are a novice or experienced woodworker – they give you everything you need to build a professional looking tool shed.

Now, you have to be aware that some of the free plans out there do lack the details you need, so you have to watch out for these.  But you can find good free tool shed building plans, just make sure they are from an experienced woodworker and have the following included:

– step by step instructions
– materials list
– cutting list
– schematic drawings
– stud placent instructions
– roof and rafter plans
– joint outlay

Getting these items in your free plans will ensure you build a structure that not only looks like it was built by a professional, but will last for years to come.

So, I don’t know about you, but if I am going to tackle building a tool shed by myself, I want the plans I get to be detailed and I want them done by a professional woodworker.  And if I can get free plans, then all the better.

Discover the easiest way to build your tool shed with free tool shed building plans created by a master woodworker.  Whether you are a beginner or are more experienced, you can build an amazing tool shed with the help from an expert.  To take advantage of this tool shed expertise and to download your free shed building plan, visit today.

Five Roofing Options to Consider

Other than the foundation, the roof is arguably the most important physical element of your home, sheltering you and your belongings from rain and inclement weather. When choosing roofing materials for your home, you should take into consideration the local climate; some materials perform much better in hot, dry climates, while others are designed specifically to weather cold and rain. Some materials work better on roofs with a steeper pitch, or slope, since they are designed to allow water to run in one direction; tiled roofs benefit from a more pronounced angle, for instance. Generally, there are five basic roofing material types: asphalt, metal, wood, slate, and tile. Each of these has advantages and drawbacks, so careful selection is necessary.


The most common type of roof, asphalt shingles combine durability with low cost. Easy to install, they are suitable for a variety of roof pitches, though they are not the best choice for flat roof surfaces. Asphalt shingles are available in two types, fiberglass and organic. Fiberglass shingles are supported by a reinforcing fiberglass structure and coated with hard asphalt. Lighter than organic shingles, the fiberglass shingles are more resistant to fire and provide better results in warm climates. Organic shingles are based around a mat made of cellulose fiber, and require two coats of asphalt, the first a softer base for a second hard asphalt finish. Organic shingles stand up well to weather and remain more flexible even under freezing conditions, making them more suitable for Northern climes. For flat or nearly-flat roofs, asphalt roll roofing is a better choice than shingles, since it is designed to work on roofs with little or no pitch.

Metal shingles

Attractive and durable, metal shingles are a moderately priced alternative to asphalt. Metal is one of the lightest roofing options, and is available in a variety of materials, including aluminum, steel, and copper. While new finishes eliminate rusting and fading, metal roofs can dent in hailstorms. Copper roofing can last for one hundred years, but are typically higher in price than other metals.

Cedar is the most common type of wood shingle, though pine and spruce are also sometimes used. Less durable than other roofing types, cedar lasts the longest at around thirty years. Wood shingles fade over time to a soft gray color. While the initial price for wood shingles may be lower than other types, installation costs make up the difference and then some. Wood shingles are one of the most expensive type of shingles to install, due to the finesse required to do it properly.


Usually the longest-lived type of roof, slate shingles can last up to one hundred years. The variety of colors and designs make slate shingles a beautiful choice, but you’ll pay for the curb appeal. Slate shingles can cost as much as four times as other roofing materials.


Available in concrete, rubber, and clay, tile roofing varies in cost depending on the materials used. Weight concerns may rule out this type of roofing for your home, as it is one of the heaviest materials. Tile offers durability, lasting around fifty years in some cases.

Whichever type of roof you select, find a contractor who understands the climate and will work with you to ensure that your roof is durable and practical. Weigh the initial costs against the expected life of the roof, and consider intangible benefits such as eye appeal, which can make a significant difference if you choose to sell your home in the future. It’s worth a little more time and money to get a roof that protects your belongings and adds to the value and appeal of your home.

Tips to Help Prepare for Roof Renovation

When thinking of roof renovation, a train of questions will always flow through your mind. The questions range from which materials to use to whether to do the work on your own. Often times, these questions may overwhelm you. However, with the right considerations, you can easily handle your roofing (dakwerken) needs without leaving room for frustrations. Here are the top tips you must always remember.Safety always comes first

If you are scared of heights, refrain from climbing on your roof. You must also never take such shortcuts as climbing on the roof without a ladder. Safety is a major concern in roof renovation (dakrenovatie). This is regardless of whether yours is a pitched or flat roof. Wear rubber soled shoes to prevent slipping. You should also consider using a harness.

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Second, you have to be careful when fixing problems on your own. The last thing you would want is to try a leak and end up causing more damage. If you don’t have the proper equipment, hire a roofer. It may cost you more to hire an expert but you will end up saving more in the long run.

Clear the debris

The best way to avoid expensive roof renovation costs in the future is to keep your roof clean. Debris traps moisture which in turn cause rusting or rotting. With time, the degradation will lead to leaks. Clogged gutters will also cause the same problem. Inspect your roof regularly and clear the debris. If there are tree branches brushing against the roof or shedding leaves on it, consider trimming them.

Weigh your options keenly when it comes to materials

The roofing materials you use will significantly influence the comfort you enjoy as well as the durability of your roof. This is the main reason why you must never be in a hurry to pick just any roofing material that comes your way. Know the pros and cons of each option. Consult with various roofers and get their take on different materials.

At the end of the day, it is how well the materials are installed that matters. Always hire an expert who has the proper tools and experience to handle your roof renovation needs. Dakwerken Apers is a medium-sized roofing company in Antwerpen that has been in the business for over 20 years. They have the right tools, manpower and experience to handle virtually any roof renovation project. Dakwerken Apers works with reputable suppliers of roofing materials such as Oprema SA and Koramic Pottelberg.

Reasons to Have a Flat Roof

 You might not have given the roof a very good thought when you were getting the roof of your home done. If you ever knew that a flat roof costs you much lesser than the usual roofs that people get done for their homes, you would have jumped at that opportunity. Atleast, I did, because it not only reduced my expenses but also added value to my home. Infact, if you knew of the other advantages of having a flat roof I am sure you would not hesitate to procure one for your house.

A big advantage of flat roofs is its accessibility. As compared to the usual types of roofs, flats roofs are easily accessible, as they do not have much of a slope. There is a very rare chance that you would ever slip from a flat roof and that is a big advantage as compared to sloping roofs. You can sit there during summer evenings to enjoy the cool breeze or count the stars at might or spend barbecue evenings with your family and friends; a flat roof provides you with many options to utilize it as well as to enjoy. Because of the same reason, flat roofs can also be used as terraces. So, with a flat roof you can also have a terrace, a personal space where you can carry on a lot of home activities, which you could not do earlier on the sloping roofs.

Though they are named flat roofs they are not actually completely flat. They have a slight unnoticeable slope that helps to drain away the water that accumulates during rains. This saves your roof from leaking and your house from becoming a pool. Another great advantage of having flat roofs is that it helps you save a lot of room space in your home. No space is lost below a flat roof as in case of sloping roofs. The structure of sloping roofs and the wooden beams are bound to crate dead space in side your house, which you can’t use under any circumstances. But with flat roofs this dead space is reduced to minimum thus it increases the usable surface area of your home.

Another reason to consider a flat roof is that it is very quick to construct. As the surface area of a flat roof is lesser than that of a slanting roof, it takes much lesser time to construct as compared to slanting roofs. Again, lesser surface area also means less amount of raw material to be used, which in turn means that you need to spend less amount of money as compared to the construction of sloping roofs. Also constructing a flat roof is less demanding physically in comparison. Once again, this factor helps you save money that you can use during the rainy season or for other construction purposes.

As far as life expectancy of flat roofs is concerned, it depends upon how you maintain it. Another factor that influences life expectancy of a flat roof is the type of material you use to construct it. It is advisable to use the best quality of material because even if you invest more money for good quality of material still you would save money as compared to sloping roofs. A flat roof requires yearly inspection and you can increase its longevity with several things that you can get to know from the people who come to install your roof. Thus, a flat roof is not only a valuable addition to your home, but also has many advantages over a normal sloping roof. No wonder it is has become so popular nowadays.

Understanding How a Flat Roof Works

Historically flat roofs have been used mainly in the Middle East, the American southwest including other places where the climate is arid and dry and drainage of rainwater off a house roof is not of great concern. As opposed to a sloping roof that is pitched at an angle a flat roof is flat with a more or less horizontal layout. In fact is not totally flat but usually incorporates a slight slope that is roughly equivalent to 1 percent of the run of the roof to aid draining water from the roof into gutters/drains located at the lower side of the grade.

Although sloping roof designs have been preferred in the US in the past flat roofs are fast gaining popularity because new technology has enabled a reduction/elimination of the disadvantages associated with flat roofs in cold climatic conditions that allowed formation of ice dams that blocked free flow of water off the roof making inhabitants suffer roof leaks as water pooled on the roof. An inherent advantage of a flat roof is that it is easier to inspect as compared to a sloping roof.

The flat surface reduces dead space, which is common to sloping roofs and creates usable space that can serve as a terrace garden or open outdoor space to be used as a relaxing area or for other activities. Low construction cost is another advantage attributable to flat roofs. They also lower costs for constructing upper floors in the house. Flat roofs allow the most efficient use of urban space, cater to energy savings and offer architectural freedom to conveniently cover complex architectural plans.

Flat roofs that invite regular pedestrian traffic are constructed more sturdily than those exposed to occasional foot traffic. The roof substrate of load bearing roofs is usually made from plywood panels that are 15mm in thickness where the joist spacing is not more than 480mm. 800 mm joist spacing would require 21 mm thick plywood. The face grain of the plywood is placed at right angles to the supporting joists with the long edges of the plywood panels laid in a brick bond pattern over the framing. Long panels are supported by nogging in the timber frame or incorporate tongue and groove edges allowing a continuous plywood surface over two spans.

The smooth flat surface created by structural plywood panels provides the most perfect base for the membrane overlays to be placed on top. The membranes are attached to the roof substrate using three different methods known as fully adhered, independent and semi independent.

Fully adhered membranes are attached completely to the surface, which should be very stable and have minimum flex. The membrane itself should be elastic and resilient to cope with any movement in the substrate. Bridging strips are used to cover the edging lines of the plywood panels in fully adhered systems. These strips are usually made from the membrane material itself. The fully adhered system has a higher resistance to foot traffic and is more stable in hot and cold contractions and expansions. It is also makes it easier to trace leaks.

Independent membranes are made to be non attachable to the substrate and are just laid on top. To prevent automatic adhesion under the heat of the sun there is a fiber veil on the membrane underside along with fiber backed base sheet membranes with open non-woven polyester on their lower side. These are usually used on concrete slabs or pre-cast concrete panels as they are ballasted with gravel and therefore heavy. It is difficult to trace leaks in this type of membrane attachment.

Semi-independent membranes are partially bonded to the substrate and are the best option in case of a less stable or partially damp bonding surface. The partial bonding is accomplished by adhesion through perforated vent sheet underlays or by applying adhesives partially in strips or certain areas only through trickle application of adhesives. Membranes that are fixed through flame bonding are partially flame bonded. This type does not require heavy protection and allows vapor to be diffused.

When to Seek Out a Professional Roof Repair Company

There are few structures that make up your home that are more important than your roof. With the exception of your foundation, you’d be hard-pressed to pinpoint one of the elements of your house that is more important than your roof. That is why it is so important to take care of any problems with your roof the second that you notice them. This is often easier said than done, though, since your roof isn’t something that you can easily inspect. With that in mind, it is essential that you keep your finger on the pulse of your home so that you can catch any issues before they start to affect other aspects of your home. Here are a few signs that you need to contact your local roof repair company in The Woodlands as soon as possible.

You Notice a Leak

One of the most damaging and insidious problems that you can experience as a homeowner is a leak of any kind. If that leak originates from your roof, then you should be extra vigilant in having the problem looked at as soon as you notice the invading moisture. The main reason that you should have a professional roof repair company look at your leak as soon as possible is because the problem doesn’t only affect your roof. Water of any kind can cause residual damage to the rest of the structure of your home, leading to mold, a weakened frame, and various other aspects of water damage that are both hard and costly to clean up. Take care of any water leaks that you notice coming from your roof as soon as possible by contacting a local expert that can help you pinpoint the problem and then fix it before it gets out of control.

You Notice Shingles Falling Off

You may experience a natural event, such as a wind storm, which can cause your shingles to fall off. It may be because they are old or because whoever installed the shingles did a poor job, but regardless of the reason you need to contact a roof specialist to take care of your roofing shingles if you notice them scattered around your yard. Shingles act as a first defense against the elements when it comes to the structure of your roof. If your roof loses a large number of shingles, then it is much easier for rain or snow to penetrate the roof and cause one of those harmful leaks discussed in the previous paragraph. Have a roofing specialist take a look at your roof if you notice missing shingles. It can help you prevent further problems and save you money in the long run.

Roof Sagging or Structural Issues

If you notice that your roof is sagging or that there are other structural issues with your roofing, you should contact a roof repair company immediately. The issues we discussed can be potential safety issues, but a sagging roof or a roof with a compromised structure poses an immediate safety issue to both you and anyone else living under the roof. A sagging roof is a symptom that can lead to a collapsed roof after even just a little bit of rain or wind. Don’t take these warning signs lightly; contact a professional roof expert to take care of the problem before something devastating happens.

Roofing Experts of Your Roofing Woes

You’ll be able to always perform the effort by means of yourselves or even by means of using Birmingham Roofing of anyone to perform your task. Just in case if you would like do the trick by means of self applied you need to always be cautious in doing this practice the way it is usually unsafe practice. You must simply focus on the warm day and you also must stay clear of taking care of the wet or even a cold day. You must additionally use security harness as well as ropes to hold people safe and sound inside mend operate. You must additionally have on simply rubber single slippers when they tend to be non-slippery throughout mother nature. Do remember to check this electric powered wire connections that happen to be operating concerning. The shingle roofing the simplest roofing that is restored. People should just discover this leaks, missing or even going down hill shingles primary. You must have instruments like brand new shingles, covering claws as well as sort, trowel, pry tavern as well as a scraper.

Birmingham Roofing as well as proper care assures a long life for ones roofing. Forget from the roofing leads to the paying the blast over roofing fixes. Generally men and women hassle in regards to the roofing only when that will begin leaks or even exhibiting indicators connected with have on. Leaking could be definitely avoided permanently if you follow collection requirements as well as regulations though creating this roofing to start with. Covering marketplace employs specific norms presented through the Nation’s Covering Technicians Affiliation or even this NCRA. NCRA can be involved having security tips, advisories pertaining to property owners as well as building contractors as well as covering companies. Many people assist property owners create smarter judgements in regards to the proper care, servicing as well as mend from the roofing. You can check out and about their own database to discover more regarding covering supplies, their own charge as well as charges incurred by means of different covering building contractors.

Exactly what assumes roofing mend? Seemingly it requires a lot. First of all it requires a decision on the part of your house to search in for the experience, and then there may be the matter from the funds required and lastly this search for a Birmingham Roof Repairs. I’m going to take people through these kind of ways and even more. We begin with exactly why this roofing requires a mend as well as what in case you perform being a house owner medication to be able to suspect which the roofing, that you’ve experienced for quite a while, is just not because safeguarded the way it was previously. Work immediately. The disappointment to discover as well as accurate minor roofing destruction inside first development is probably the greatest reason for rapid Birmingham Roof Repairs. It is in particular genuine connected with covering supplies utilized upon comparatively low-sloped roofing. What may cause roofing deterioration tend to be aplenty, and a few roofing designs go through much more destruction in comparison with other folks.

Roof Repairs In Birmingham is really a mindful decision, as well as just as much as roofers may possibly attempt to influence people, an upgraded is really a troublesome method. However, alternative is required throughout times the location where the roofing may possibly give way or even this leakage is usually heavy. Consider just before offering agreement, in case your predicament thus calls for, usually do not wait. Repair is required, as well as past due mend cost much more on the home, the pocket and also the beauty of the home too. The main element is usually to hold verify from the slightest changes inside covering construction as well as perform this needful in the proper period.

Facts About Spanish Clay Roof Tiles


Spanish architecture was heavily influenced by that of Rome, which in turn had adopted much of its style from Greece. In addition, Greeks founded colonies in many parts of the Iberian peninsula; the modern city of Valencia was one such colony. For this reason, Spanish clay roof tiles roof tiles are very popular in many parts of the word. You are most likely to find Spanish roof tiles in places like Southern California and Florida in addition to Mexico, Cuba and Puerto Rico.

Origins of Spanish Clay Roof Tiles

Terra cotta roofing tiles appear to have originated in many different parts of the world between three and four thousand years ago. These were regions in the world’s drier, warmer climates, such as Egypt, the Indus Valley in Pakistan, and of course, the Mediterranean. The Greeks have had a tremendous influence on Mediterranean roof tiles, as this culture spread as far as Britain in the west and India in the east. During the Roman period, terra cotta roofing tiles could be found in almost every province. Iberia was one of the gems in the Roman imperial diadem; as a result, Spanish roof tiles retain a great deal of similarity to the terra cotta roofing tiles used by wealthy patricians of the Roman Empire.

Centuries later, when Spain was an imperial power in her own right, settlers and merchants who followed the conquistadores carried these Mediterranean roof tiles all over the world. Today, fine examples of Spanish clay roof tiles can be found in New Orleans, St. Augustine, Southern California and anywhere else that the Spaniards settled between 1500 and 1800.

The Manufacturing of Spanish Clay Roof Tiles

In many ways,  Spanish roof tiles are like a piece of fine ceramic pottery; the materials are very similar. However, it is extremely difficult to make these roof tiles individually, by hand. The reason is that they must fit together and interlock in place when they are installed. To insure uniformity, molds are created and the clay is poured into these. They are removed once they have dried, and then are kiln-fired at extremely hot temperatures in order to make them hard and durable. Clay-tile roofs can last for over one hundred years with only minimal maintenance.

Different Types

Originally, only homes located in Mediterranean climates could have Spanish clay roof tiles installed. Although quite durable, this material is not normally suitable for cold, rainy and snowy climates. However, today Spanish clay  roof tiles can be treated to stand up to harsh winter weather. These roofing materials are made in three grades; Grade One can last for many years of Montana winters, whereas Grade 3 is suitable only for the Southwest.

4 Types of Veranda Roof


There are a lot of veranda roof designs on the market, and people could be forgiven for thinking they’re buying a veranda roof like they’re at a supermarket. However, you don’t have to settle for just anything in a veranda roof these days. A bit of shopping around will get what you want, save time, and save money.

Veranda roofs- The types and styles issue

Any architect will tell you that a veranda roof is a major design element. The veranda roof is a big shape, often covering a large part of a house, and there are a few things to consider when picking styles:

  • Shape: The basic veranda roof types are curved, flat, gabled and covered. Modern veranda roofs are elegant things, and you can really produce a beautiful building design feature for your house.
  • Construction: Wood, steel, and other types of cover are ideal for some homes, but not necessarily right for others. This is very much a matter of taste, but practical concerns in terms of matching house construction needs must be considered.
  • Interior and exterior lines: The new veranda roofs are big beautiful things, and you’ll find you can tailor your veranda roof to match other design features.
  • Coverage needs: The space to be covered is a primary concern, and it also gives you some options in terms of size and cost. You may actually find that a bigger veranda roof is a more cost effective option.
  • Light and heat issues: The Australian veranda’s main mission since European settlement has been to help protect the house from glare and heat. This is an important positive factor in veranda roof designs, and you can achieve a lot with a good solid light and heat shield roof.
  • Colours: The good news is you have a great choice available. Consider colour matches and contrasts on their merits, but you’ll definitely find what you want.

Types of veranda roofs- What’s available, and what’s possible

If you’re getting a bit of “information overload” from looking at designs, and still not sure if you can get what you want, the simple answer is to just ask. Veranda manufacturers and suppliers are also builders and designers, and if what you want is doable, they’ll know how to do it.

Design issues and veranda roofs

The veranda adds large covered spaces to houses which include a range of functions like entertainment areas, recreational areas, and a hybrid patio/outdoor living space. In effect the veranda extends the living area. When looking at a veranda roof, consider the space function as a multi-value effect on your home.

The modern veranda roof- big, tough, stylish and versatile

Modern veranda roofs are much bigger than their predecessors, structurally solid, and their range of uses has changed even the basic concept of a veranda. If you want a look at a full range of design options, check out a major Australian brand, Stratco, to see the benchmarks in modern style.

Important Considerations to Make Before Replacing a Roof

The fact that you are considering roof replacement only means either the existing roof is beyond repair or you need a new look? The simple fact about roofs is that at one point in time, you will have to deal with damages; leaks, rust, discolored materials and so on. However, how soon you get to deal with these problems depends on how you install the new roof. There are key considerations you need to make prior to the installation of new roofing materials.

Slop of the roof
Do you need a pitched or flat roof? The two options have their pros and cons although the flat roof poses the most risks. Look at the slop of the existing roof and consider the available roofing (dakwerken) systems. The steepness of the roof will rule out various options. Make your choice carefully. Don’t choose a roof type simply because everyone is using it. Choose it because it fits your budget and matches your lifestyle or goal.

Structural load
How much weight do you expect to be on the roof? Will the existing structure hold the load? Every material you add to the roof will add a certain load to your structure. The amount of load that the structure can hold will further influence your options. For example, instead of using coatings which will add more weight, spray foam may be ideal. The roofer should know exactly how much weight the structure can hold both in replacement and roof renovation (dakrenovatie).

Wind uplift
Your choice of roof type is more likely to be influenced by the potential wind uplift. The roofer will look at the expected wind speeds in the region and compare that to the amount of wind force your house will be exposed to. The expected wind resistance will also help with the choice of roofing materials.

Repair versus replacements
Last but not least, you have to consider if roof renovation will be a better choice. It is more expensive to replace than to repair. Replacement should be considered as a last option.

Nobody can tell you with absolute certainty which roof type and materials will be good for you. You need a professional roofer to assess your situation onsite in order to give recommendations with certainty. Dakwerken Limas is one of the best companies to consider for roofing in Antwerpen (dakwerken Antwerpen). As a medium-sized company, Dakwerken Limas offers comprehensive roof renovation and replacement services to create for you an environment that is pleasant. The company guarantees of quality services and professional advice.

Understanding Your Roofing Materials and Roof Covering Options

Understanding your Roof Structure, Roof Guttering and Roofing Material will help you know and its optimum performance. Knowing the different structural elements of your roof will help you to realise the durability and performance of your roof as it ages, to notice weathering and replacement, as well as to value quality of workmanship during New Roof Installation.

Like most elements of building constructions, there are many subtle (and obvious) differences between a well built roof and a quick DIY Roofing job. The primitive function of roof is quite simply to cover, to shelter. A well-constructed roof will be able to withstand the harsh Australian elements; redirect water to gutters and downspouts effectively; provide adequate ventilation to the attic to prevent overheating and moisture build up; as well as add to the style and aesthetic appearance of the building.

It is important that all components that make up a solid Roof Structure are strong and secure before applying your chosen Roofing Material, particularly heavy roofing materials like tiles or wooden shingles. If you are unsure of the stability of your roof, consider a light weight, durable Roofing Material like asphalt shingles.

The versatility of asphalt roofing gives you protection to your home all year round, with the ability to face harsh Australian conditions. Australian asphalt shingles are suitable for all roofing projects from home and industrial buildings to backyard sheds and gazebos. Asphalt Roofing Shingles have an ability to withstand severe heat exposure, bitter cold temperatures and winds up to 177 kilometres per hour. If you living in a rural high fire risk area, rest assured knowing your asphalt roof won’t catch alight from stray ambers during the summer’s unfortunate bush fires season. Complete water resistance allows you to collect and reuse all rainwater runoff during the dry season. With complete water tight security, you won’t have to worry about leakage into your roof causing internal rainwater damage.

Asphalt Shingle Roofing Company offer durable and versatile Roofing Material Solutions. Located in Springvale Victoria, Asphalt Shingle Roofing Company is a local Australian business providing Roofing Material Solutions tailored to your home and budget.

A Few Flat Roof Ideas For You to Consider

Most people when they think of roofing think of leaks and expensive repairs. Although repairing a roof can end up being very costly, you should also remember that ignoring any problems that occur now will only store up trouble for you later. There are so many different types of roofs but one of the most problematic can be the flat roof.

The reason people tend to have more problems with flat roofs than any other type is because they don’t allow water to drain off. When the rain has nowhere to go it will sit there and eventually start to seep into any tiny gap it can find. If you experience a lot of snow then the snow will collect on top of your roof causing undue weight. This is why properties in areas with high snow fall have very steeply pitched roofs.

If you discover that your roof has a leak then you should do everything in your power to have this problem resolved. What is only a minor inconvenience today can end up being such a problem that you have to have your whole roof replaced. A water-tight flat roof is essential if you don’t want to deal with bigger problems down the road. Luckily there are better quality materials available today that lessen the chances of leaking roofs but it still helps if you understand what your options are. There are a number of different flat roof materials but here are some of the most typical.

Built up roofs are basically just several layers of tar and water-resistant materials that are then toped with a layer of gravel. The reason you place gravel on the top is so that there is a barrier to fire. This is probably the cheapest option you’ll find when looking for flat roof options but there is a problem of it being very heavy. You need to make sure that the joists can withstand the extra weight otherwise they’ll need to be strengthened.

If you are keen to try installing your flat roof materials yourself then have a look at modified bitumen. It used to be that you required a torch to burn the materials in place but now they’ve got adhesive on it which makes it a load easier.

Rubber membranes are another option for you and it’s very durable which is something you really want from a roofing material. If you do find a leak in your rubber membrane, you will find that locating the problem is easy. This is not the cheapest of options but you may find that the benefits are worth it.

This is really just an intro so some of the most common types of flat roof materials and it’s by no means a comprehensive guide. There are other materials that you could choose instead such as copper or lead so do as much reading as you can before you commit yourself to one particular type of flat roof.

Get Access To The Best Roof Repair Offers

Leaking or damaged roofs are some of the problems that we face more than once in our lives. The problem increases usually in the monsoon season. A leaking roof damages the ceilings and also constantly poses as a constant problem for the people as it also damages the things kept in the room. It is very important to get the roof repaired on time in order to prevent further damage. People usually tend to ignore such problems, as it does seem to be of much importance. We tend to notice a leaking roof or damaged roof when the problem gets serious.

Companies Offering Such Services

There are some professional companies that offer strictly professional roof building and repairing services. They offer all kinds of repair and building services. One such strictly professional company is the Scancross environmental services. They are a flexible company and provide services for domestic, official and all other purposes. They have services for all kinds of purposes. They have options for factories and other such industrial purposes. They are always up for any kind of contract. Whether that involves a huge deal or is a comparatively smaller deal of money and work. They offer asbestos services like the asbestos removal for both domestic and official purposes. Other services include asbestos management, asbestos collection services, soft strip and demolition, asbestos surveys and any such related services.

Strictly Professional Company

As mentioned earlier, they are a strictly professional company. Thus, all their services are also done with strict and required legal procedures. They have kinds of licenses that are required in order to be able to serve to their customers. All their services are done in the most professional and ethical manner. They do not indulge in any sort of malpractices and do not charge the customer with extra and hidden costs. They offer their services at the most honest and affordable prices. They also give full priority to the customers. They keep them before any other thing. Their dedicated and friendly team of staff and workers are also their assets. They are known and preferred only because of their great services and dedication. They cover a number of areas for asbestos removal, which include asbestos removal Berkshire.

Contact Them Today For Your Services

As we have known,they are best when it comes to asbestos and other related services in the country. They are also known to cover areas like asbestos removal Hertfordshire and other surrounding areas. All those who have been looking for such services must contact them without further as they have solution for all roof related problems under one place. The customers do not have to go anywhere else. Just tell about your problem and leave it up to them to solve it.

Budget control using House Design Types in Nairobi, Kenya

It’s possible to achieve a great house design with a low budget. To achieve this, one must invest keenly on the architectural design.

A good example is Allan Donovan’s House in Kitengela which is designed with a West African concept in mind-flat roof with pigeon holes on the parapet wall.

The presidential State Lodge in Sagana, Nyeri is also a magnificent piece of architecture that has utilized architectural design to achieve greatness without necessarily using very expensive materials. It’s a plain rectangular house with hipped roofs and low aluminum casement windows.

Technological uses also affect budget. New lighter roofing materials such as stone-coated steel roofing tiles save on the amount of timber trusses used to support the roof.

The choice of foundation type will also affect the costs. Estates such as Jericho in Eastlands area were built on a raft type of foundation which is very cheap to put up. The ground floor slab rests on small sized beams which are laid on top of the ground so no excavations and foundation walling is done.

On superstructure walling, within Nairobi area, masonry stone is readily available hence not expensive. A cost-effective way to achieve elegance is to have the stones hand-dressed to a pattern of your liking. Hand-dressed stones bring out character to your house and will save you in terms of maintenance since they virtually require no maintenance at all.

Prefabricated houses are slowly coming into the Kenyan market. These houses are the solution to affordable housing in the developed economies such as USA, China and Europe and it’s a matter of time till they find their niche in Kenya.

In conclusion, architectural design and use of appropriate technology can greatly reduce the cost of construction of your house.

Eminent Roof Truss Designs

A structure of a building is so important in constructing houses or commercial buildings. The building doesn’t just have to be well-built but it must also be attractive and nice. One that should be meticulously considered in this matter is the roof truss. If one component of a roof truss is detached or damaged, the complete roof could give away.

Sticking to a proper roof truss designs are critical when it comes to roofing a home or building.  Factors that are essential in roof truss designs contain the connection of the parts and the distribution of the load through the truss parts. There are a variety of sizes and shapes that can be modified to go well with nearly any roof design. A pitched truss is the most common type of a roof truss system. It has a triangular shape and is often used in storage buildings and residential homes. It includes a host of specific truss designs from the attic, double bobtail, bowstring, and the fan to scissors, double fink, and inverted shapes.

Some of the best designs of the roof trusses are King Post Truss, Modified King Post, Queen Post Truss, Scissor Truss, Modified Hammer Beam, and Hammer Bean Truss. Wood trusses that are beautifully exposed are ideal to gussy up a house’s great room. Most are designed to carry heavy roof loads and are structural while they look decorative and pleasing to the eye. Any building project can look more beautiful with natural timber trusses.

Roof truss designs that are unique in their structural strength and appearance are made easier to create, not like in the yard that must meet certain basic rules of physical and construction design of a shed roof. Roof beams that are manufactured triangular are proficiently produced by engineers from outside the office with high quality materials. The best designs have the strength to endure large vehicles and minor earthquakes and vibration caused by extreme weather conditions. High Heel Mesh, Abandoned Truss Chords, Armor of Scissors, and Parallel Chord Truss are four types of armor designs. They are very much accepted among builders and designers of new houses and each type has unique features and its advantages.

Different Types of Roof Truss Design and Their Benefits

A roof truss also called rafter is a roof with one or more triangular units which are connected at a joint. It takes up the weight of the entire roof together with the walls of a structure. It also protects the walls from bending due to the weight exerted on them from the roof. The roof truss design of your house will depend immensely on your structure. Most trusses are made of aluminum, timber and wood. There are different designs of a roof truss. Some of them are quite simple while others are complicated and hard to understand. Some of the designs include Kingpost, the Queenpost, fink, double Howe, scissors and Cambered roof trusses.

Kingpost roof truss design:

It is also known as a crown post and mostly has two main rafters, a tie beam and perpendicular king post. If you need to have a stylish and large place, the kingpost roof truss will be your best option. It can be used for smaller bridges and is less expensive compared to other trusses. When you choose this type of truss, you surely get value for money.

Scissors roof truss design:
This is usually used in cathedrals whereby the truss uses lower cords. These cords are sloped inwards to forming a shape of a hang glider. The benefits of scissors roof truss design are that it does away with the need to use a bearing beam and wall.

The queenpost roof truss design:
A queenpost design has a slanting support on each side of the main post. That makes queenpost truss one of the strongest designs because it supports the weight evenly and in a balanced manner. Due to its strength, it comes in handy for places where there is a lot of snow or if you need to use heavy roofing materials. Such materials may include aluminum and other metal related materials.

Fink roof truss:
The most important thing about fink is that you need to get the right size for your roof. You can buy one that has already been manufactured but you have to be sure of the measurements. The advantage with fink is that you will not have to go through the pain of making it yourself. It makes your work easier and faster. All you will have to do is to get the correct measurements, and mount it within a short time meaning your work will be minimized by the manufacturer. The other benefit is that you will not have to employ someone to make it for you and that means you will cut costs. This is one of the most convenient roof truss designs in the market today.

Double Howe truss design:
The Howe design has a main post which is normally at the center and other posts which stem from it to the end of the truss. A normal Howe is supposed to be 36 feet but a double one is 60 feet. There are others which are as long as 80 feet in length. They are also among the strongest trusses in the market today and can fit both small and large houses.

Now that you know the different roof truss designs things should be a lot clearer on which option is right for you.

Roofing-8 Different Types of Roofs


When you are planning to build your home or renovate your home, it is important to pay attention on roofing. There are many different roofs available in the market. Every roof is different from each other. You must choose your home roofing which suits your country climate and home structure. Many of us only know about flat roofs and pitched roofs but there are many different styles are available. There are different kinds of roofing styles available in the market. Here is a description about some roofing materials and styles. The first roofing type is the mansard roof. The mansard roof is made up of four slopes. Two slopes are on the each side of the home. The lower slope of mansard roof is a steeper and it is vertical slope than the upper slope. The upper slope of mansard roof is not visible from the ground. This is the French style of the roof.

The advantage of this roof is it gives extra space for living or storage at the top of your home. The second roofing type is the gambrel. This type of roof is same mansard roof. The main differences are that it has vertical gable ends and the gambrel roofs hang over the frontage of the home but mandrel roof does not. This roofing style is Dutch inspired pattern. The third roofing type is saltbox. This type of roofing style looks very interesting. Saltbox is an uneven long pitched roof. It has one short side and one very long side. The fourth roofing type is pyramid roof. The shape of this roof is like a pyramid. This type of roofing is used in small home structures or small home portions. This type of roofing is usually used in pool house or garage. The fifth type of roofing is hip roof. This type of roof is sane as pyramid roof. The only difference is that its four sides meet at a flat spot. This type of roof is architecturally more practical than other roof types.

The sixth type of roofing is bonnet roof. This type of roofing is same as pyramid roof or hip roof. The only difference is that two of the slides slope out an angle. This type of roof is mostly used to cover outdoor porch area or veranda. The seventh type of roofing is flat roof. The main benefit of this roof is that it construct very easily because it design is simple. This roof is also safer it you are going to stand on it. This roof is usually more accessible. The one big disadvantage is that flat roofs need more maintenance than other type of roofs. The eighth type of roofing is skillion roof. The skillion roof has single sloping roof surface. The half surface of this roof is like triangular roof and the other half is like as flat roof. Much modern architecture suggests using this type of roofing to create different and unique shape. The appropriate roofing type can give a great value to your home.

Pros and Cons of Roofing Materials

Considering the many choices, each with its own pros and cons, it can be a daunting task to decide on the type of roofing for your home. When choosing a roofing style, make sure to pay attention to a few key factors: home design, structural strength, cost, local building ordinances, and personal preferences. It is also a good idea to consider the long term effects of your choice and what it will mean for your home in years to come.

Below is a quick look at a number of roofing types, accompanied by their main advantages and disadvantages.

Composition Shingles


At a very affordable price, these roofs are offered in a variety of colors and styles. Composition shingles made from asphalt and fiberglass are of a high quality and very durable. They are easy to install compared with other roofing types, require little maintenance, and usually have Class A fire protection.


These types of roofs do not perform well in high winds, and under certain conditions there is a chance that they might blow off. The materials also scar easily if hot, which damages the appearance and durability of the roof.

Wood Shakes


Available in a variety of colors, widths, thicknesses, cuts of wood, etc. – these roofs allow for flexibility in style. Wood helps to insulate your attic, which allows air to circulate easily.


Wood shakes are unrated by fire safety codes and often require wipe or spray-on fire retardants, which are usually less effective in fire resistance than other roofing materials. These roofs require much maintenance and repair due to damage from mold, rot, and insects. Old shakes are not recyclable and have a more complicated installation process than other roofing types.

Clay Tile


Provides a unique look, especially for homes with a Spanish, Italian, or South-Western look. A wide variety of colors and styles are available. Tiles are long-lasting, don’t rot or burn, and cannot be damaged by insects. This roofing material requires little maintenance.


Tiles are heavy, which can cause a roof to require extra support. Also, if color is only added to the surface of the tiles, it can fade over time. Tiles are fragile, which makes it more difficult to repair the roof or walk on it to repair gutters or fireplaces. Clay tiles are one of the most expensive roofing materials, and installation can be quite complicated.

Concrete Tile


This roof type is very durable is available in a variety of colors and styles. Most concrete roofing is long-lasting and requires little maintenance. Tiles are resistant to rot and insect damage and provide good fire protection. Concrete tile can be made to mimic other types of roofing.


This roofing style is on the expensive side and because it is relatively new on the market, there are still problems with breaking and color changing that must be resolved.



Regaining its popularity, metal roofs are now most popular in standing-seam steel (Standing-seam steel describes the upturned edge of one metal panel that connects it to adjacent sections, creating distinctive vertical lines and a historical look). These roofs can also be created to mimic other roofing types such as wood shakes, clay tiles, shingles, etc. Metal roofs are durable, fire retardant and require very little maintenance. Metal roofs are energy efficient and consist of many recyclable materials. They are light weight, which means they can be installed over existing roofs.


Installation of metal roofs can be difficult and the cost is higher than most other roofing types. The life-long cost of the roof should be considered to determine if the initial cost is worth it.

Hot Mop-Flat


This roofing is most used in commercial buildings or flat homes with good drainage. Made of asphalt, it is less expensive than other roofing types and is very durable. Although the result is not as aesthetically pleasing as other materials, it can be covered with a layer of stone to achieve a more desirable look.


The installation of asphalt can be harmful to the environment and the installers. Some urban areas do not allow hot mop roofs because its fumes contribute to smog and release extremely high levels of air pollutants.

Which Materials Can Be Used for Green- Roofing?

Green RoofingGreen living trend is prevalent all across Pakistan. Some of houses are partially green; whereas others are constructed with green building materials. Suppose if you just want to use green materials in your house roof—you can have a variety of options to choose from. All that you need to do is to search on the internet, visit your nearby market and consult a top architect in Pakistan, who not only gives ideas about various building materials but also calculates complete budget you need to spend on the installation of roof.

Build-Up Roofing

The type of roofing is mostly selected for manufacturers’ buildings. No complicated construction work is required; instead you can make a flat roof and then place the layers of asphalt on it or you can stack the materials coated with asphalt. The name is given as it is constructed by placing four alternating layers of tar and reinforcing buyers such as glass fiber mats or organic mats. The top layer makes it cool as well as highly insulated. Additionally, the top layer that is made from white-colored shingle also plays a significant role in keeping it relatively cool. For its durability and resistance, it lasts for a longer time period and is known as tar and gravel roof.


Generally, the metals get easily heated up and make the surroundings warmer but when coated with special kind of reflecting materials—these give the reverse results. You need to paint the metals with light color paint or add a light-reflecting pigment in the paint. You can install it either directly or on your existing roof. For its high durability, it lasts for a longer time period.

Roof Pavers

These are special kinds of paving tiles, which are used in roofs. For their high thickness (2-inches), the cool varieties of the tiles are said to reflect the minimum of 78% of the ultraviolet light, ultimately giving a house more of a cooler effect. However, you need to keep in mind that the foundation and the walls of a house are strong enough to carry the weight of pavers, which is as much as of that of a stone-roof.


If you want to construct a roof that is not only heat-resistant but is also highly durable, then choosing roof tiles is the best option. For its composition, it is considered as one of the best green building materials. It can be easily recycled and is available in a variety of shapes, colors and sizes. The perfect thermal mass preserves the inside cool air and keeps the heat off.

Single-Ply Thermoset

It is made up of a roof membrane that is extracted from oil and natural gas. The material is bonded with the existing roofing in a way that it works as a sealing, ultimately making the roof insulated. It is proved that the membrane can resist damaging sunlight and can keep the interior of a house cold.

Wood Shingles

Wood shingles, one of the frequently used insulation roof materials, provides high resistance to the heat and cold. The natural material is installed on rafters and is used in a log house.

Slate Shingles

Slate shingles serve the dual purpose because these not only maintain a resistance against different climatic conditions but also give your house, more of luxurious look. As it is a non-renewable resource; it is relatively expensive green roofing material.

Plastic Lumber Yard

The plastic roofing slates are mostly made from recycled materials and can be recycled as well.  Cedar shakes are natural and have high resistance for acute climatic conditions, as compared to asphalt shingles.

If you are indecisive about choosing the kind of green material for your roof, consult an  architect in Lahore or in your nearby area and get the best suggestions.

Roofing Materials Used For Flat Roofs

The roof plays an important role in maintaining and enhancing the look to your home. With the changing climatic conditions, it has become necessary to select proper roofing material. Today majority of the people concentrate on buying light weight and durable roofs. The need of different type of roofing materials depends on several factors such as the location, weather conditions and natural elements.

For a flat roof, you must consider that the roof provides a water proof casing for the apartment. Generally in flat roofs there are one or two layers of materials for water resistance. The flat roof should be designed in such a way that the accumulated water can be directed into gutters, downspouts and drains to avoid accumulation of water. The materials that are used in flat roofs should not only be long lasting but also cost effective. Here are a few roofing materials that can be used in flat roofs, as per the need and requirement.

Thermoplastic Polyolefin Roofing Membrane also known as TPO is one of the popular and latest materials used and available in the market. Thermoplastic Polyolefin Roofing Material is a single ply. It consists of three layers that make the roof strong and durable to survive in any condition. This material has an arrangement on the outer part of the roof and a thermal insulation barrier in the middle and then a water proof layer that holds the entire roof. The material of this roof is very efficient and reusable if installed with care.

You can also fit the roof with the help of tar or pebbles. As it has been only 10 years since thermoplastic polyolefin roofing membranes have been introduced and hence, its life span can not be determined. Thermoplastic polyolefin roofing is very durable and effective and consists of a low toxicity, as it consists of petrochemicals. TPO can not be recycled.

Elastomeric membrane also known as EPDM roofing material is generally used for commercial and industrial purposes. Made out of ethylene propylene rubber, elastomeric membranes is also a single ply. You can install EPDM either with the help of mechanical fastening or by ballasting. The roofing material is reusable and is effective. It has a lifespan of about 20 plus years; however Elastomeric membranes are found to shrink in certain conditions.

In the market since 1960, Polyvinyl chloride or PVC has been a trusted and widely used roofing material. It has a good record for usage among any thermo plastic roofing membranes. The material has many features and hence it has been preferred by many even after other flat roofs came into the market. It can be manufactured in multiple colors and is fire resistant and protective. Polyvinyl chloride is favorable and strong in any weather conditions. It has a lifespan of 25 plus years. PVC is effective in every sense, the only setback of this material is that it can not be recycled or reused.

Mastic asphalt is one the most durable and trusted materials. It is known as the best waterproofing membrane available in the market. It is effective, flexible and long lasting as it can last for more than 60 years. Mastic asphalt is strong at any temperature; it is odorless, recyclable and non toxic.